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Topic: Gabriel Kron and Negative Resistance (Read 22151 times)
 MultiplesValueSymbolNameValueSymbolName10−1 JdJdecijoule101 JdaJdecajoule10−2 JcJcentijoule102 JhJhectojoule10−3 JmJmillijoule103 JkJkilojoule10−6 JµJmicrojoule106 JMJmegajoule10−9 JnJnanojoule109 JGJgigajoule10−12 JpJpicojoule1012 JTJterajoule10−15 JfJfemtojoule1015 JPJpetajoule10−18 JaJattojoule1018 JEJexajoule10−21 JzJzeptojoule1021 JZJzettajoule10−24 JyJyoctojoule1024 JYJyottajouleCommon multiples are in bold face[/size][/color][/size][/color][/font]Nanojoule[edit]The nanojoule (nJ) is equal to one billionth (109) of one joule. One nanojoule is about 1/160 of the kinetic energy of a flying mosquito.[9][/size]Microjoule[edit]The microjoule (μJ) is equal to one millionth (106) of one joule. TheLarge Hadron Collider (LHC) is expected to produce collisions on the order of 1 microjoule (7 TeV) per particle.[/size]Millijoule[edit]The millijoule (mJ) is equal to one thousandth (103) of a joule.[/size]Kilojoule[edit]The kilojoule (kJ) is equal to one thousand (103) joules. Nutritional food labels in certain countries express energy in kilojoules (kJ).[/size] One kilojoule per second (1 kilowatt) is approximately the amount of solar radiation received by one square metre of theEarth in full daylight.[10][/font][/size]Megajoule[edit]The megajoule (MJ) is equal to one million (106) joules, or approximately the kinetic energy of a onetonne vehicle moving at 160 km/h (100 mph).[/size] Because 1 watt times 1 second equals 1 joule, 1 kilowatthour is 1000 watts times 3600 seconds, or 3.6 megajoules.[/font][/size]Gigajoule[edit]The gigajoule (GJ) is equal to one billion (109) joules. 6 GJ is about the amount of potential chemical energy in a barrel of oil, when combusted.[11][/size]Terajoule[edit]The terajoule (TJ) is equal to one trillion (1012) joules. About 63 TJ of energy was released by the atomic bomb that exploded over Hiroshima.[12] The International Space Station, with a mass of approximately 450,000 kg and orbital velocity of 7.7 km/s,[13] has a kinetic energy of roughly 13 TJ.[/size]Petajoule[edit]The petajoule (PJ) is equal to one quadrillion (1015) joules. 210 PJ is equivalent to about 50 megatons of TNT. This is the amount of energy released by the Tsar Bomba, the largest manmade nuclear explosion ever.[/size]Exajoule[edit]The exajoule (EJ) is equal to one quintillion (1018) joules. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan had 1.41 EJ of energy according to its 9.0 on the moment magnitude scale. Energy in the United States used per year is roughly 94 EJ.[/size]Zettajoule[edit]The zettajoule (ZJ) is equal to one sextillion (1021) joules. Annual global energy consumption is approximately 0.5 ZJ.[/size]Yottajoule[edit]The yottajoule (YJ) is equal to one septillion (1024) joules. This is approximately the amount of energy required to heat the entire volume of water on Earth by 1 °C. The thermal output of the Sun is approximately 400 YJ per second.[/size]Conversions[edit] Main article: Conversion of units of energy1 joule is equal to:[/font][/size]1×107 ergs (exactly)[/li] [li]6.24150974×1018 eV (electronvolts)[/li] [li]0.2390 cal (thermochemical gram calories or small calories)[/li] [li]2.3901×10−4 kcal (thermochemical kilocalories, kilogram calories, large calories or food calories)[/li] [li]9.4782×10−4 BTU (British thermal unit)[/li] [li]0.7376 ft·lb (footpounds)[/li] [li]23.7 ft·pdl (footpoundals)[/li] [li]2.7778×10−7 kilowatthour[/li] [li]2.7778×10−4 watthour[/li] [li]9.8692×10−3 litreatmosphere[/li] [li]11.1265 femtograms (massenergy equivalence)[/li] [li]1×10−44 foe (exactly)[/li] [li][/font][/size]Units defined exactly in terms of the joule include:[/font][/size]1 thermochemical calorie = 4.184 J[14][/li] [li]1 International Table calorie = 4.1868 J[15][/li] [li]1 watt hour = 3600 J[/li] [li]1 kilowatt hour = 3.6×106 J (or 3.6 MJ)[/li] [li]1 watt second = 1 J[/li] [li]1 ton TNT = 4.184 GJ[/li] [li][/font][/size]
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« Reply #13 on: August 29, 2014, 12:02:20 PM »
Isaac Asimov: Die exakten Geheimnisse unserer Welt Band 1 : Kosmos,Erde,Materie,Technik Asimovs <New Guide to Science> ,1984, Basic Books,Inc. ISBN 3426039214 Seite 444,445,446,447 "Die kontrollierte Kernfusion" 446: Beschreibung des Kernfusionprozesses als "perpetuum mobile" wirkend bei repetierendem Teiloutput "feedback" + Dr.Helmut Reichelt, G.D.R. ,estateenergyinstitutechairman Elektronen/IonengasKreislauf~Kernfusionsprozess http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&II=12&ND=3&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=19840321&CC=DD&NR=208029A1&KC=A1 Fusioncellarray on a room surface description ,in saxonischer Sprache
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