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Author Topic: Time to Master the Carbon Cycle with Tried & True Technology  (Read 4755 times)

Offline erich

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Time to Master the Carbon Cycle with Tried & True Technology
« on: January 21, 2007, 06:06:55 PM »
Time to Master the Carbon Cycle

 
 Man has been controlling the carbon cycle , and there for the weather, since the invention of agriculture, all be it was as unintentional, as our current airliner contrails are in affecting global dimming. This unintentional warm stability in climate has over 10,000 years, allowed us to develop to the point that now we know what we did,............ and that now......... we are over doing it.

The prehistoric and historic records gives a logical thrust for soil carbon sequestration.
I wonder what the soil biome carbon concentration was REALLY like before the cutting and burning  of the world's virgin  forest, my guess is that now we see a severely diminished community, and that only very recent Ag practices like no-till and reforestation have started to help rebuild it.  It makes implementing Terra Preta soil technology like an act of penitence, a returning of the misplaced carbon.

 Energy, the carbon cycle and greenhouse gas management
http://www.computare.org/Support%20documents/Fora%20Input/CCC2006/Energy%20Paper%2006_05.htm

 
On the Scale of CO2 remediation:

It is my understanding that atmospheric CO2 stands at 379 PPM, to stabilize the climate we need to reduce it to 350 PPM by the removal of 230 Billion tons.

The best estimates I've found are that the total loss of forest and soil carbon (combined
pre-industrial and industrial) has been about 200-240 billion tons.  Of
that, the soils are estimated to account for about 1/3, and the vegetation
the other 2/3.

Since man controls 24 billion tons in his agriculture then it seems we have plenty to work with in sequestering our fossil fuel co2 emissions as charcoal.

As Dr. Lehmann at Cornell points out, "Closed-Loop Pyrolysis systems such as Dr. Danny Day's are the only way to make a fuel that is actually carbon negative". and that " a strategy combining biochar with biofuels could ultimately offset 9.5 billion tons of carbon per year-an amount equal to the total current fossil fuel emissions! "
http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/l...ochar_home.htm


Terra Preta Soils Technology: Carbon Negative Bio fuels and 3X Fertility Too
 
This new soil technology speaks to so many different interests and disciplines that it has not been embraced fully by any.  I'm sure you will see both the potential of this system and the convergence needed for it's implementation.
 
The integrated energy strategy offered by Charcoal based Terra Preta Soil technology may
provide the only path to sustain our agricultural and fossil fueled power
structure without climate degradation, other than nuclear power.
 
The economics look good, and truly great if we had CO2 cap & trade in place:
 
   
Terra Preta soils I feel has great possibilities to revolutionize sustainable agriculture into a major CO2 sequestration strategy.
I thought, I first read about these soils in " Botany of Desire " or "Guns,Germs,&Steel" but I could not find reference to them. I finely found the reference in Charles Mann's "1491", but I did not realize their potential .
 
I have heard that National Geographic is preparing a big Terra Preta (TP) article.
 
Nature article: Putting the carbon back Black is the new green:  http://bestenergies.com/downloads/naturemag_200604.pdf

 
 Here's the Cornell page for an over view:
http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/biochar/Biochar_home.htm
 
This Earth Science Forum thread on these soils contains further links, and has been viewed by 13,000 folks. ( I post everything I find on Amazon Dark Soils, ADS here): 
http://forums.hypography.com/earth-science/3451-terra-preta.html
 

The Georgia Inst. of Technology page:
http://www.energy.gatech.edu/presentations/dday.pdf
 
There is an ecology going on in these soils that is not completely understood, and if replicated and applied at scale would have multiple benefits for farmers and environmentalist.
 
Terra Preta creates a terrestrial carbon reef at a microscopic level. These nanoscale structures provide safe haven to the microbes and fungus that facilitate fertile soil creation, while sequestering carbon for many hundred if not thousands of years. The combination of these two forms of sequestration would also increase the growth rate and natural sequestration effort of growing plants.
 
 
Here is a great article that high lights this pyrolysis process , ( http://www.eprida.com/hydro/ ) which could use existing infrastructure to provide Charcoal sustainable Agriculture , Syn-Fuels, and a variation of this process would also work as well for H2 , Charcoal-Fertilizer, while sequestering CO2 from Coal fired plants to build soils at large scales , be sure to read the  "See an initial analysis NEW"  link of this technology to clean up Coal fired power plants.
 Soil erosion, energy scarcity, excess greenhouse gas all answered through regenerative carbon management  http://www.newfarm.org/columns/research_paul/2006/0106/charcoal.shtml
 
 
All the Bio-Char Companies and equipment manufactures  I've found:
 
 Carbon Diversion
http://www.carbondiversion.com/
 
Eprida: Sustainable Solutions for Global Concerns
http://www.eprida.com/home/index.php4

 
BEST Pyrolysis, Inc. | Slow Pyrolysis - Biomass - Clean Energy - Renewable Ene
http://www.bestenergies.com/companies/bestpyrolysis.html
 
Dynamotive Energy Systems | The Evolution of Energy
http://www.dynamotive.com/

 
Ensyn - Environmentally Friendly Energy and Chemicals
http://www.ensyn.com/who/ensyn.htm

 
Agri-Therm, developing bio oils from agricultural waste
http://www.agri-therm.com/

 
Advanced BioRefinery Inc.
http://www.advbiorefineryinc.ca/

 
Technology Review: Turning Slash into Cash
http://www.technologyreview.com/Energy/17298/
 
Korea:
International K&K Enterprise Others
http://www.alibaba.com/company/10406050.html#companyprofile

 
 
The upcoming International Agrichar Initiative (IAI) conference to be held at Terrigal, NSW, Australia in 2007. (  http://iaiconference.org/home.html  )
.

If pre-Columbian Indians could produce these soils up to 6 feet deep over 20% of the Amazon basin it seems that our energy and agricultural industries could also product them at scale.
 
Harnessing the work of this vast number of microbes and fungi changes the whole equation of EROEI for food and Bio fuels. I see this as the only sustainable agricultural strategy if we no longer have cheap fossil fuels for fertilizer.
 
We need this super community of wee beasties to work in concert with us by populating them into their proper Soil horizon Carbon Condos.
 
I feel Terra Preta soil technology is the greatest of Ironies.
That is: an invention of pre-Columbian American culture, destroyed by western disease, may well be the savior of industrial western society.
 
Thanks,
Erich
 
 
 
Erich J. Knight
Shenandoah Gardens
E-mail: shengar at aol.com
(540) 289-9750

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy


Offline erich

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Re: Time to Master the Carbon Cycle with Tried & True Technology
« Reply #1 on: January 28, 2007, 05:58:39 AM »
GOOD Link to REPP-CREST Terra Preta Site & Mail List
Submitted by Erich J. Knight on Sun, 2007-01-28 04:50.
Sorry...................I hope this links works better:

About the Terra Preta Discussion List and Website at Bioenergylists.org | Terr

http://terrapreta.bioenergylists.org/?q=about


Offline erich

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Re: Time to Master the Carbon Cycle with Tried & True Technology
« Reply #2 on: October 24, 2007, 05:13:21 AM »
 
I thought the current news and links on Terra Preta (TP)soils and closed-loop pyrolysis of Biomass would interest you. 
 
This technology represents the most comprehensive, low cost, and productive approach to long term stewardship and sustainability.Terra Preta Soils, a process for Carbon Negative Bio fuels, massive Carbon sequestration, 1/3 Lower CH4 & N2O soil emissions, and 3X Fertility Too !
 
  Thanks,
Erich
SCIAM Article May 15 07;

http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=5670236C-E7F2-99DF-3E2163B9FB144E40

After many years of reviewing solutions to anthropogenic global warming (AGW) I believe this technology can manage Carbon for the greatest collective benefit at the lowest economic price, on vast scales. It just needs to be seen by ethical globally minded companies.

Could you please consider looking for a champion for this orphaned Terra Preta Carbon Soil Technology.

The main hurtle now is to change the current perspective held by the IPCC that the soil carbon cycle is a wash, to one in which soil can be used as a massive and ubiquitous Carbon sink via Charcoal. Below are the first concrete steps in that direction;

S.1884 ? The Salazar Harvesting Energy Act of 2007

 A Summary of Biochar Provisions in S.1884:

Carbon-Negative Biomass Energy and Soil Quality Initiative

for the 2007 Farm Bill

http://www.biochar-international.org/newinformationevents/newlegislation.html

(...PLEASE!!..........Contact your Senators & Repps in Support of S.1884........NOW!!...)

Tackling Climate Change in the U.S.

Potential Carbon Emissions Reductions from Biomass by 2030by Ralph P. Overend, Ph.D. and Anelia Milbrandt
National Renewable Energy Laboratory http://www.ases.org/climatechange/toc/07_biomass.pdf
The organization 25x25 (see 25x'25 - Home) released it's (first-ever, 55-page )"Action Plan" ; see; http://www.25x25.org/storage/25x25/documents/IP%20Documents/ActionPlanFinalWEB_04-19-07.pdf
On page 29 , as one of four foci for recommended RD&D, the plan lists: "The development of biochar, animal agriculture residues and other non-fossil fuel based fertilizers, toward the end of integrating energy production with enhanced soil quality and carbon sequestration."
and on p 32, recommended as part of an expanded database aspect of infrastructure: "Information on the application of carbon as fertilizer and existing carbon credit trading systems."

 I feel 25x25 is now the premier US advocacy organization for all forms of renewable energy, but way out in front on biomass topics.

 

There are 24 billion tons of carbon controlled by man in his agriculture and waste stream,  all that farm & cellulose waste which is now dumped to rot or digested or combusted and ultimately returned to the atmosphere as GHG should be returned to the Soil.   

Even with all the big corporations coming to the GHG negotiation table, like Exxon, Alcoa, .etc, we still need to keep watch as the Democrats/Enviromentalist try to influence how carbon management is legislated in the USA. Carbon must have a fair price, that fair price and the changes in the view of how the soil carbon cycle now can be used as a massive sink verses it now being viewed as a wash, will be of particular value to farmers and a global cool breath of fresh air for us all.

If you have any other questions please feel free to call me or visit the TP web site I've been drafted to co-administer. Also Here is the Latest BIG Terra Preta Soil news;

 The Honolulu Advertiser: ?The nation's leading manufacturer of charcoal has licensed a University of Hawai'i process for turning green waste into barbecue briquets.?

About a year ago I got Clorox interested in TP soils and Dr. Antal's Plasma Carbonazation process.

See: http://www.honoluluadvertiser.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2007707280348

ConocoPhillips Establishes $22.5 Million Pyrolysis Program at Iowa State    04/10/07

Glomalin, the recently discovered soil protein, may be the secret to TP soils productivity  http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2003/030205.htm

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy

Re: Time to Master the Carbon Cycle with Tried & True Technology
« Reply #2 on: October 24, 2007, 05:13:21 AM »
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Offline dimbulb

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