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Solar cells with 1 Eurocent/Wp production price prediction

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                                                          11,25 Euros per MWh

Later lower grid-electricity costs and the second advantage :

lower " Primary Energy Factor " important as building energy consume factor

Primary energy factor according to GEG

"Environmental energy" solar energy, ambient heat, etc.  FACTOR    0.0

as example in future :

4000 Wp solar electricity consume for heating/cooling x Primary Energy Factor 0,0 =  0,0 W consume  by "PEF=0,0 electricity"

                                              =  ZERO PRIMARY ENERGY BUILDING

 old or new low-e buildings with solar electricity delivered

better than technical  "Solar Passive House"-standart requirements 

a Passive Solar home with a Passive Solar Index of only 15 kWh per square meter

We have now the competition between low cost and low "primary energy factor" between solar photo voltaic devices

and wind generator


as third hydrogen +

Wind and ambiental energy  force converting technologies, in mass production generating in the 1,5-1,0 Euro-cent/s per KWh range :

The given 3,4 US$ cents (airpower) and 3 US$cents (Prueitt) would be the commercial price per KWh electricity fob power plant with patent exclusivity,now open source conditioning 70% less (no R&D costs )

3,4 x 0,3 and/or 3,0 x 0,3 = near the 1 US$cent/range per KWh
russian aveurope group built a similar technique prototype (375 US$/KW ) and predicted 1 US$cent/KWh production costs

airpower (Israel Hirshberg) predicted commercial  price :  1000 US$/KW

The second advantage,beside owner- and restrictions free technolgies,the labs knowledge evolution in material

process and kind,instead copper coils abundant aluminium or sodium use,later graphene

3d production process ( mini-factory in a container-box)

so we can predict : the in-situ 3 KW home generator in the 1000 US$ range,24/365 functional

4th alternative,EMD :
Compared the Dr.Imris 2008 ready to build and patent applied electric generator :

First KW 11 Kg,next  2 and 3 KW each 3,5 Kg = total 18 Kg x 32 Euros/Kg production costs = circa 600 Euros/3 KW
Low serie middle european production condition ,2008 !
Observing Hitachi their permalloy/metglass production costs progress,alibaba gross-selling prices,and with falling capacitor costs
400 Euros/3 KW will become the mass production standart ! Production costs,not selling price !

Clearly Euro/US$ market tender ratio dependent ,actually 1,2 Dolar per Euro ,2008 1,47 Dolar per Euro !


Some inverters turn off solar powered output when grid power is off.  So then you have no power when the grid is down.

We can do far better. We can double the power from the same PV panels, protect the grid from "live loads" and provide uninterruptible power.  Here is how:
Contrast the middle image's cyclic PV panel current, with the constant current at P=max, drawn by the 2-phase system illustrated by the right image.  Phase 1 draws current Imax sin2(377t).  And Phase 2 draws current Imax cos2(377t).  So total current sum is Imax and it is constant.

+ incident radiation amplifier

serious ?

Innovative Technologies

Achieve double photovoltaic output with PQ sampling

PQPV-S DC voltage doubler and power amplifier for photovoltaic systems. Is connected between the module and the PV inverter.


Input PQPV-S 48 volts, 300 amps, 14.4 kilowatts,

output 96 volts 300 amperes, corresponding to an output of approx. 28 kilowatts.

The global e-provider/deliverer average price : 11 US$cents/KWh
Germany,electricity generating costs (all sources): 8 €cents/KWh

US business2business average electricity price : 5,5 US$cents/KWh

Portugal,2020 estatal bid/auction for electricity delivering : 1,125 €cents/KWh                                                                                                          ( assuming after tax credit inclusion)

These are for me the technological step down price lines !

As private household,not in MW/MWh consume calculating,not 24/365 hours the same power level charging,
the 5 €cents or 5 US$ cents range per KWh safety,renewable and clean, to reach a success !

This is possible,monetary,when the total power plant costs,generator/controler, are available for  1 € or 1$ per Wp.
Net-grid quality !

Not as shop price,fob factory ! Not by installer,DIY kit !

                         Market  average :

1  €/US$  commercial value fob factory   ~     4- 5 €/US$ ready-to-use installer end price

  400%  low/high end consumer electricity generating price /costs difference per Wh consume(-d) !

Remembering :

This semiconductor-sized MEMS-TAR illustrates the direction we are going. This device has applications in solar energy conversion, waste energy recovery, biomedical applications, sensors and controls, etc. Control circuitry and power conditioning is designed into the mask and everything produced on the chip in one operation. It is designed for automated manufacture and assembly in a wafer fab, just like other MEMS devices. Production costs are estimated at less than US $250 per kilowatt of generating capacity.  An estimated amortized cost for solar-electric power production is less than US $.01 per kilowatt-hour.  Economical distributed power systems for the housing market are close to reality.

The MEMS-TAR is robust, and can be embedded into a paving and roofing tile. We have developed an iron-orthosylicate roofing tile with high thermal mass (42 W-hr/lb), just for this purpose. Residential and commercial roofs can become giant solar collectors with a built-in thermal storage mass that buffers the effects of intermittent clouds, etc.  Architects should note that it can also be used for siding on high-rise office buildings, apartment complexes and shopping malls, and does away with solar panels that detract from the appearance of the structure.  The unremarkable roof of the house shown below can be the power source for the home.

For stand-alone systems, energy storage is necessary to buffer the variability of direct solar energy.  We've developed a metal alloy storage medium that never wears out.  The Thermal Storage Cell stores 1000 kWh per cubic meter, and costs about $35/kWh of storage capacity.


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