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Author Topic: Three Layer Electromechanical Toroid Magnetic Motor  (Read 1802 times)

Offline Lunkster

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Three Layer Electromechanical Toroid Magnetic Motor
« on: December 19, 2022, 04:12:37 PM »
Three Layer Electromechanical Movement Toroid Electrical Motor:
Three Layer Toroid and Magnetic Motor:

The “Three Layer Electromechanical Movement” technology is different than the conventional electric motors that use what I call a two-layer electrical mechanical movement system.  In a two-layer system, the stator has one mechanical configuration working with one mechanical configuration in the rotor assembly.  Either or both the stator can have EMs that turn on or off to create the motor behavior.  In most of these systems, there needs to be power applied somewhere in the device at all times.  With this new motor, the stator assembly changes the mechanical configuration by creating different functional magnets in the assembly.  In fact, there are three different configurations that the stator changes into during the operation of the motor assembly.  There are four segments of travel developed during the reconfiguration of the stator assembly that keep repeating themselves over and over again in order to keep the motor running.  Segments 1 and 3 create movement in the rotor without any electrical energy to the toroid electrical magnets in the motor assembly.  It is the attraction that brings the magnet to the refrigerator and it stays there.  In segment 2 the power to the odd toroid electromagnets is turned on while the power to the even electromagnets is left off.  What this does is it reconfigures the stator assembly with functional magnets.  The functional magnets comprise of the activated toroid electromagnet along with the two adjacent permanent magnets to it.  What this does is to move the center of the north and south poles of the functional magnet.  With this happening, the core material in the core material moves to align itself with these new pole locations.  After the alignment occurs, the power is turned off to all the electromagnets.  The moment this occurs, the force of the two adjacent permanent magnets has equal attraction on the core material.  Then the momentum of rotor movement will cause the permanent magnet to the right side to have more and more attraction on the core material and the permanent magnet on the left side less and less with the movement of the tab in the rotor assembly.  The movement continues until it gets aligned with the permanent magnet on the right side of the core tab.  It is at this time the even numbered electromagnets are turned on and a different set of functional magnets are created.  These new functional magnets have a new location for north and south poles.  This new location now causes the core tab to align with the new poles.  Once the core tab aligns with the functional magnet then the power to all of the electromagnets is turned off again.  Then the full four segments are repeated over and over again.

This motor has forward torque through the full 360 degrees of rotation with the electromagnets having a power duty cycle of only 25% at most. It will likely be shorter than 25% in order to allow the built-up magnetic field in the core material to dissipate or be regenerated into an electrical charge to be used later in the circuit.  I have a modified tank circuit with steering diodes that could be used for that purpose.

I have designed several motors using the three-layer electromechanical movement technology, but most of them used straight coils.  This new design uses toroid coils that maximize the generated magnetic field in the design.  This means that this motor could be more powerful and efficient at the same time than those other motors. 

Because the torque is generated at the core material tabs of the rotor assembly, this motor may have a lot more torque than the conventional motor.
The motor rotor has 8 tabs, each having forward torque on them during rotation.  This provides a lot of torque in the motor.

Since there are eight rotor tabs, the rate of pulsing the toroid electromagnets is a lot faster than in some conventional motors.  The DC switching signal operate more efficiently with rates greater than 1 Khz in this motor type.
I wrote a book called “A free gift that may be over unity or free energy to the world” That goes into great detail about the “Three Layer Electromechanical movement” technology.  It also has a lot of information about the “modified tank circuit with steering diodes”.  There is a lot more information about different motor designs.

Note:  The shape and construction of the tabs on the rotor assembly are critical.  The middle of the tab needs to have more attraction to the stator components than the leading and trailing edges.  One way to do this is to taper the thickness of the leading and trailing ends like that of an ax.  Another way is to reduce the amount of the tab that protrudes into the slots of the stator components at the leading and trailing edges.  You could also do a combination of both.  There are other ways to do this as well. 

Note:  This mechanical device should be operated with the most efficient power driver circuit.  Another thing is that the collapsing magnetic field in the toroid EM configuration can reclaim some of the magnetic energy back into electrical energy.


Offline Lunkster

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Re: Three Layer Electromechanical Toroid Magnetic Motor
« Reply #1 on: December 22, 2022, 03:33:16 PM »
The Three Layer PM Toroid Drum Motor:

The motor is designed to produce more torque in the motor with little more input power to the motor.  The theory is that the power to drive the core in the toroid coil to align the one rotor tab is about the same as when the toroid aligns more rotor cores like in the drum assembly.

The toroid core is broken up into several pieces that are all stationary.  The rotor tabs all have torque on them that are being pulled in alignment with the stator core material.  Even if the toroid needs more power to align all of the extra rotor tabs, the power per motor size should be greatly increased.
Note:  All of the efficiency improvements should be evaluated and tested with the PM Toroid motor designs.


Offline kolbacict

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Re: Three Layer Electromechanical Toroid Magnetic Motor
« Reply #2 on: December 24, 2022, 09:35:35 AM »
But where is the toroid there?
At first there was a real classic toroid with a winding.
Maybe even in your other similar topic. I remember. ;)
And then it disappeared.

Offline Lunkster

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Re: Three Layer Electromechanical Toroid Magnetic Motor
« Reply #3 on: December 28, 2022, 04:34:33 PM »
But where is the toroid there?
At first there was a real classic toroid with a winding.
Maybe even in your other similar topic. I remember. ;)
And then it disappeared.

The toroid is round with a coil of wire.
So making it square instead, the function should still be like that of the toroid coil.
My design looks like a transformer, but I do not have a secondary coil to be used
as an output coil?

I do have an air gap or gaps in my motor designs, but again only one coil of wire.
So my toroid motor designs function very similar to the toroid coil changing the
core by cutting it into pieces, where some of the pieces are in the rotor and some in the stator assembly.  The magnetic flux tries to align the pieces together to have the strongest
coupling of the loop of magnetic field in the design.

So the idea of my toroid motors is that if a secondary coil is used in the motor design,
you have the back EMF forming in the motor when you load that output coil down, but
in my design I am using to torque of the alignment of pieces of the core material to
generate the torque in the motor.  Is there back EMF where there is no output coil?

Now in my motor design using a drum assembly, there is one core assembly broken up
into different pieces that when the power is sent to the coil, the pieces want to align
each other up with each other to create a functional toroid coil.  I could make the design
more round but then it would be more costly to manufacture.

The function of toroid coils or functional toroid coils, is that they are very efficient.  So
that is why I am looking into their functional design for my current motor designs. 

So why am I looking at a drum for the rotor assembly?

If I design a functional toroid motor where there are several core pieces alternating
between the rotor and stator assembly, then when I apply power to that assembly
each piece will have torque between itself and the adjacent pieces to it.  This would
mean that collectively there should be a lot more torque than with one rotor tab.

Now if the electrical energy to power the toroid functional coil is as much as a single
tab of a rotor assembly, then an amplification would occur in the device. 
How many vertical tabs in a drum assembly would it take to achieve over unit?

Since this is still theory and since I have not built a prototype yet,  I do not know
the answer to those questions.  I want free energy to be truly free for anyone
who wants it.  I like to see what other people are doing and want to see responses
to my inputs as well.

I like the inputs about the HES devices and want to pursue getting more torque
from my motor designs by the design and usage of the core materials in them.

The drawings I have now entered are to better improve on the designs I have
shown before.  They may be more complicated to build, but to get a good
working model first is my goal and then work on the manufacturability later.


Offline Lunkster

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Re: Three Layer Electromechanical Toroid Magnetic Motor
« Reply #4 on: January 04, 2023, 04:14:07 PM »
Generating Magnetic characteristics in core material:
1.)   Direct Induction through electromagnetic field
Coils, solenoids, toroid coils are an example of this.  Toroid coils contain the magnetic flux and is the most efficient to use in designs.  I am looking at hybrid functioning toroid designs that look different than the conventional toroid coil, but still have the advantages of them.
2.)   Indirect Induction through magnetic field
A.)    Using permanent magnets
I use this method a lot in my motors that use the three-layer electromechanical movement technology.  It is when permanent magnets are used in close proximity to core material to induce the magnetic properties in the core material. I use it where the permanent magnet is in the stator and the core material is in the rotor assembly or I will use it where the permanent magnet is in the rotor and the core material is in the stator assembly.  Also, I have the permanent magnet adjacent to an electromagnet so that when the power is applied to the permanent magnet, the permanent magnet becomes a part of a larger functional magnet.  What is great about this configuration is that permanent magnets will create movement with no electrical power to the device.
B.)    Using electromagnets
The way I like to generate a magnet in the core material is a hybrid functioning toroid coil.  Most toroid coils are round and the core material is in a complete circle for the flux to flow in.  I create more of a rectangle shape so the functional toroid coil has better manufacturability.  Now the way I make it into a hybrid toroid is first to leave some of the core without wire wrapped around it.  Then I will have some openings in that section of core material followed by some more core material followed by another space.  Each section not physically tied to the core material with the wire wrapped around it is placed in line with the path of flux of the toroid coil.  These cores sections are connected to the stator assembly by a strong non-metallic material to keep the sections in proper position of the motor design.  The openings between the core sections will create an opportunity for rotor components to move through this space.

Note:  Some transformers have air gaps in them by design, so it is not uncommon in design work.  Having the air gaps in the core allows movement in the rotor piece of core material.  This is great because now we can control movement to the rotor assembly. 

  The way movement occurs is that of the two states of the core material the first state is that the core material has little to no magnetic properties in it because it is not being induced into it by an outside source.  This is when the coil power is off.  Without induced magnetic fields in the core means there is an absence of torque between the different core sections in the motor.  This feature is just as important as having the ability of the core material to have the magnetic properties in it.  The core material acts similar to an electromagnet.  No power no EMF.  The second state in the core material is to have magnetic properties in it.  It is easy to see how a core material wrapped in a coil of wire around it can have magnetic properties when the power is turned on.  It is a little more challenging to see how a separate piece of core material in a rotor assembly can have magnetic properties. 

One way to see how this can happen is to play with a horseshoe magnet and an iron bar.  As you bring the iron bar closer and closer to the magnet, the torque of pull between the two parts together gets stronger.  The iron bar becomes more and more like a magnet as it gets closer to the magnet.  It is an induction of magnetic properties into the iron bar that occurs as it gets closer to the magnet.  So now you functionally have two magnets occurring in this process.  This same thing happens between the rotor core material as it comes closer to the toroid core material.  The rotor core material becomes more and more induced into a magnet as it gets closer and closer to the toroid core.  The shape of the rotor core piece makes a difference in how this piece generates the torque between the stator and rotor core materials into alignment with each other.
Once the rotor core piece and the stator core are fully aligned with each other the magnetic power needs to be turned off in order for the rotor to be able to rotate in the motor assembly.  Turning off the electrical power at the correct timing is important for the motor’s efficiency.  The non-magnetic time is just as important as the active power time for the magnetic field in the motor device configuration.

Multiple rotor pieces from the same toroid coil:
We have looked at one rotor core piece to the stator toroid coil core material.  We can expand on this.  One way to see how this can happen is to change the rotor to a drum assembly with several tabs made of core material coming out from it.  The stator is wider than the rotor drum assembly and the core is broken up to several pieces of core material that are designed to allow the tabs on the drum assembly to slide between the stator pieces without touching each other.  As the power is applied to the toroid coil, the core builds up the magnetic field in them.  Even if the rotor tabs were not in the gaps of the stator pieces the magnetic field goes across each air gap and through each stator core piece in the functional core assembly.  So, each core section acts like a magnet with north and south poles in it.  Now when you add in rotor tabs made of core material, then some of the flux changes the tab to a weak magnet.  This generates a torque between the rotor tab add the two adjacent stator core sections.  This torque will pull the rotor tabs into alignment with the stator core sections.  As more rotor tab comes into the gap between the core pieces, the greater the torque becomes.  The torque between each rotor tab with adjacent stator core pieces will add in the motor.  At the same time the electrical energy applied to the toroid coil will not change that much in value.  What this means is that there is a torque amplification with each additional core tab added to a toroid coil assembly.  Since this is theory, then someone needs to build some prototypes and test them.  A full prototype does not need to be built in order to prove or disprove the torque amplification of this technology.

Test Fixture for testing torque amplification:
The first thing you want to do is to prove torque amplification before building a prototype motor.  I test fixture with one toroid hybrid assembly for the stator and one tab column on an arm for the rotor is all you need.  On the rotor assembly you want screw in tabs to the arm so that you can test anywhere from 1 to 6 tabs in the test fixture.  For the stator assembly, you want to be able to install plugs of core material where the rotor tab pieces have been removed.  You only want openings where the tabs on the rotor arm are allowed to swing through the stator assembly.  You can then test the torque of configurations of 1,2,3,4,5 and 6 tabs. Plotting the input coil energy to torque output will determine if this technology has torque amplification.  It will also show the distance of rotor into stator travel is.  Once this testing has been completed, you could add permanent magnet assemblies on each side of the functional toroid assembly in order to evaluate the three layer movement technology.