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Author Topic: science and prediction  (Read 10232 times)

Offline lancaIV

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #30 on: October 18, 2019, 02:08:03 PM »
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.perpetuum-mobile.de%2F
Which has been  a.  in theory b. in practize

the efficiency from ma(s)chines: converter/transformer/motor/generator : cinetic/mechanical or electrical

                                                        1775/1875/1975
                                                        and now 2019  ?! 

                                                       > 0% v =<> 100 %. !?

Calori(e)= heat units

 to Joule
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Prescott_Joule

to Watt
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=de&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fde.m.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FJames_Watt

Calori to Joule to Watt converter :  https://www.rapidtables.com/calc/electric/Watt_to_Joule_Calculator.html

Active/passive energy :
a. Physical ( classical + quantum-physics) input  b. technical input
    physical( theoretical thermodynamic output ) technical ( maximum -  constructive losts) output

I. 1 glas(s) CO2-less water + silver spoons converter : hydrolyse : bubbles = hydrogen/oxygen splitt
hydrogen collection + cold inflammation = heat in calori
oxygen ? energetic source. ?

II. 1 glas(s) CO2 -less water + chemalloy array : hydroyse : bubbles ......
III hydrogen to steam engine/ Sterling engine


IV. steam engine/Sterling engine with electric generator couple

1775: ~  James Watt steam engine conversion efficiency improvement
           
               coal to heat conversion efficiency
              heat to steam conversion efficiency
              steam to mechanic power
             ( mechanic to electric power)

2019 solar-heat e-turbine efficiency ? = <> 100% : physical or technical input/output ratio  definition ?

What is " efficiency and/or C. O. P. " related to. : http://alt-sci.ru/en/wiki/Vortical_transformers

6A-6H : is there a need about a mathematical "DC to pulsed DC to AC voltage and DC to pulsed DC to AC current "- converter. ?!

DC = permant             pulsed DC and AC = periodically
Fix speed/variable speed



When a 1000 Watt nominal generator by nominal 1000 RPM delivers 1000 Watt
why the same generator delivers.         by.                 500 RPM.                 125  Watt.   Max x ( 0,5x0,5x0,5)
        the same generator delivers.         by.                 100 RPM.                     1.  Watt.   Max x ( 0,1x0,1x0,1).      ?!?!?!?
          [0091]- [0094]
https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/description?CC=US&NR=2012256422A1&KC=A1&FT=D&ND=3&date=20121011&DB=EPODOC&locale=en_EP#
Inverse : input to e-motor !?!?!?

A. DC input ~ torque x RPM.  : 1/4. 1/2  1/1 load

B. pulsed DC or AC input ~ torque x RPM 1/4 1/2  1/1 load

1976-2011 technical work and application :
https://worldwide.espacenet.com/searchResults?submitted=true&locale=en_EP&DB=EPODOC&ST=advanced&TI=&AB=&PN=&AP=&PR=&PD=&PA=&IN=Richard+fradella&CPC=&IC=

The motor and generator performance question now implementing here :
https://patents.google.com/patent/US20110097209A1/en
                        Figure 12

input/output ratio.        a.< 1        b.=1.    c.> 1.  break-even ? C.O.P. max point / output max point
« Last Edit: October 18, 2019, 07:51:27 PM by lancaIV »

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #30 on: October 18, 2019, 02:08:03 PM »

Offline onepower

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #31 on: October 21, 2019, 06:57:26 AM »
Ianca
Keep up the good work, can't understand a damn word your saying or where your going but... you are consistent.

Offline lancaIV

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #32 on: October 21, 2019, 01:23:48 PM »
Ianca
Keep up the good work, can't understand a damn word your saying or where your going but... you are consistent.
onepower,
physics theory is more than 1+1=2  !
For searching between linear and progressive positive or negative results,by linearity or progression, we apply


https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=de&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fde.m.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FMengenlehre
When we calculate 1+1= and we do not get 2 but < or > 2 where is the"syntax"  difference  ?
How to translate physical overunity( output/input ratio > 1) in a mathematical formula. ? PRAXIS ZUR THEORIE

I am only in search for the right " theorem" answer. ! ;)
Beside the Fradella generator "asymmetrical" output also Flynn magnet actuator results( static device) andT.T.Browns' electrostatic devices ( beside-effect: Ozone-generation) and Kanarevs " pulse power"- experiments making part !

Lorentz/Einstein : e= mcv2.  Why Tesla : e= tcv2. by logic : m = t ,easy to write like 1+1= 2  :)
                            By which clear arguments  ? Have you, onepower, a simple answer. ? ::)


                           I will wait persistent for your scientifically comment. ! ;)
One answer could b : based by Schroedingers "Miau-Miou" chamber question;:
  t= time- Universum. or m = ( specific) matter- Universum

https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=de&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.spiegel.de%2Fplus%2Fist-es-moeglich-dass-es-unser-universum-gar-nicht-gibt-a-00000000-0002-0001-0000-000159189655
But this are only entertaining questions, my main object is the cheap electricity/kinetik energy delivering device. !
 

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #32 on: October 21, 2019, 01:23:48 PM »
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Offline lancaIV

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #33 on: December 16, 2019, 10:59:15 AM »
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=de&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.n-tv.de%2Fpolitik%2FBund-und-Laender-erzielen-Klima-Durchbruch-article21460042.html

From 10 EUROS/ton CO2 actually to 55 EUROS/tonCO2 certificate costs in 2025 in Germany

If the use from 1 KWh grid- electricity in Germany by given Sources-mix emits : 478 gram CO2

the CO2 costs part by 10€/ton ~ 0,478 €Cent/KWh grid- electricity

the CO2 costs part by 55 €/ton ~ 2,629 €Cents/KWh grid-electricity




To show what this would mean for the U. S. A market.  :
actually the average US-b2b electricity KWh- price : 5,5 US$cents
55 Euros/ton certification costs increase by similar CO2-emission value ( coal/nuclear/wind/water ....) per KW. ~
         
                2025      US-b2b average electricity costs : 8,5 US$cents/KWh





https://www.spritmonitor.de/de/berechnung_co2_ausstoss.html
     Fuel combustion
1 litre gasoil ~ 2,64 Kg CO2

by 10 €/ton :     2,64 €Cents per litre                                       

     55 €/ton :   14,52 €Cents. per litre ~ 1 €Cent/KWh chemical

The estatal CO2 tributation is then higher than the costs of the fossil product  fob oil/gas field or e-generator !


But we have now the SELF-production price maximum for hydrogen and off-grid electricity generation. :
                                                         in Germany 2025

                                                     Hydrogen : 1 €Cent/KWh chemical
                                                    Electricity : 2,629 €Cents/KWh


For him easy challenge benchmarks :          https://judbarovski.livejournal.com/



So the US-b2b market has in future three alternatives :

stay in their 5,5 USD cents/KWh price and (national/global)climate changing politics
let increase the electricity price by 62,5 USD/ton CO2 certification costs accumulation : +- 8,5 USDcents/KWh

decentralize power generation and use SELF-costs price level electricity plants in the < 3 USDcents/KWh range
CO2-free energy2electricity conversion

( with the CO2- absorption and to synthetic FT process gas/fuels production possibility )     

http://www.dotyenergy.com/
Windfuels/waterfuels/solarfuels : source-/locality- independent gas-/liquid power production
Windhydrogen/waterhydrogen/solarhydrogen

Conventional fossil gas fuels : 100 units CO2
 Synthetic gas/fuels                  - 50% CO2

Arakelian process.                     - 82,5% CO2   7 units hydrogen/ 1 unit fuel ( fossil/bio/syn)

NH3,Ammoniak.                           CO2- free.

Question : CO2- "temperature effect"-aequivalent from electricity( Plasma-gas) and hydrogen as GHG. ?
The local GHG-effect from electricity some also call : electric heating  8) TEMPERATURE INCREASE

 Vapor/waterdrops  is defined as GHG : CO2- aequivalent ?
is the hydrogen generator emission same cold as exhaust like as generator input source  ?
Hydrogen-on-demand emission in CO2-aequivalent units. ?

    Expansion energy = GHG-effect ,giving away "compressed energy = density"

Scientifical AXIOM !  REALLY. ? 1 KWH X = 1 KWh Y

Has 1 KWh "light spectrum= radiant energy"  electricity  a minimum/maximum ( EINDRINGTIEFE,ABSORPTION/REFLEKTION)
                 
                              +- 1 KWh ( molecular)  up to 5 KWh( atomar) heat "= temperature increase " potential. ?                                                       Hypothesis : Anti-/Thesis
https://www.google.com/search?q=matschiner+infrarot&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b-m
Scientifical/commercial disputation:         

                      DE chemistry docent/Uni-Prof.  against CH-virtual modell-students study


           Physical   "catalysis: :de-/ac-celeration" use :   STIMULATION as process of  L.A.S.E.R. or M.A.S.E.R.  ?


                                   THERMO-DYNAMICS
Is the sun IR /UR radiation spectrum in change and with greater influence by parallel Earth magnet field strength decrease ( shielding effect) ?
 Earth surface: land + water. ; water dehumidifying/vaporizing enthalpy energy
http://www.iwilltry.org/b/heat-your-home-with-a-dehumidifier/      "Its all about enthalpy"


https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=de&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fm.spiegel.de%2Fwissenschaft%2Fnatur%2Fmount-everest-wetterstationen-messen-verblueffende-uv-werte-a-1301499.html

Temperature ( in the shadow, dry, windfree measured) 
Temperature( with all light spectrum, dry-wet, windfree-windy measured)

physical temperature
physiological temperature

10° k and more temperature spread
« Last Edit: December 16, 2019, 10:33:43 PM by lancaIV »

Offline lancaIV

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #34 on: July 04, 2020, 01:05:59 PM »
Energy converter


and the difference between 1 KW and 1 KWh



https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301905364_Experimental_study_of_energy_harvesting_in_UHF_band


                                           7,7 mW      = 0,0077 W    or   0,000077 kW


so for permanent 1 KW output 130.000 units are needed ,24 KWh per day ,8766 KWh per year


                                  130.000 x Figure 11 unit : costs per unit ? sqm area ,cubic-mtr volume ?




https://contest.techbriefs.com/2016/entries/sustainable-technologies/6390


A nominal generator, approximately the volume of two men's shoe boxes, including the battery and control module, can supply extraordinary output.. Even operating at a low frequency of 400 hertz, the net induced voltage is +/- 8.4Kva/sec, (which is an hourly rating of 30.2Mva/hr (40,500Hp)). For comparison, power plants generate from 375 to 758 Mva; a wind turbine generates 2-3 Mva; a large heliostat may generate 280Mva..


more detailed information https://patents.google.com/patent/US8847720B2/en


https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&II=15&ND=3&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=19881020&CC=WO&NR=8808220A1&KC=A1

To clarify the operation of this embodiment according to the invention, the following dimensioning of the transformer windings is given using Figure 17 as an example,
 the iron cores being dimensioned in accordance with the manner usual for transformers:
- winding 81: 1000 windings, 220 V/50 Hz, 5 A at full load;
- winding 82: 1 winding, 5000 A;
- winding 84: 1000 windings, 5000 A;
- winding 85: 1100 windings, 4500 A, 220 V/50 Hz.


From the above example it is evident that, with a coil 82 having 5000 ampere windings, a flux variation of 5000000 ampere windings can be generated with the superconducting coil 84.


Accordingly, a generated power of 990 kW can be drawn from the terminals 89 for a power supplied to the connecting terminals 88 of 1 . 1 kW, and this corresponds to a power gain of approximately a factor of 1000.


In the variant indicated in Figure 18 of this fourth embodiment, a two-phase system has been assumed. In a further variant of this embodiment, the latter can also be constructed according to a three-phase system. In the above described variant, a mains frequency of 50 Hz has also been assumed. These embodiments may, however, also be used for other frequencies.





                                                        990 KW out and 1,1 KW in                          to commercial  1/1000          0,99 KW out and 0,0011 KW in




Without doubt such devices will become in future conventional


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_flux


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ampere-turn   Ampere- or Weber-turns as defined force : https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ampere-turn


                            superconductive coil winding 84 : 5000 A x 1000 turns = 5000000 A-T or W-T magnetic flux force


                             the relationship coil 81 output to coil 82 in-/output to superconductive coil in-/output 84 is the "internal process effect"




                                                      magnetic flux force compression and expansion




                      This to MEMS-production condition https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microelectromechanical_systems

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #34 on: July 04, 2020, 01:05:59 PM »
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Offline lancaIV

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #35 on: July 04, 2020, 03:06:56 PM »
https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/description?CC=WO&NR=8907857A1&KC=A1&FT=D&ND=5&date=19890824&DB=EPODOC&locale=en_EP


http://translationportal.epo.org/emtp/translate/?ACTION=description-retrieval&COUNTRY=WO&ENGINE=google&FORMAT=docdb&KIND=A1&LOCALE=en_EP&NUMBER=8907857&OPS=ops.epo.org/3.2&SRCLANG=de&TRGLANG=en



interestant ! no protest by patent office peers : granted ! https://register.epo.org/application?lng=en&number=EP88901552&tab=main




The invention is based on the object of allowing the permanent magnet electrons determined to act and react in accordance with their own laws, so that the field, torque, tightening and / or repulsive forces used result in a coordinated motor driving force.

The solution to this problem according to the invention is that two or more, identical or different magnetic fields excite one another by movement and / or level difference.

The forces arising from at least two opposing directions of movement are combined into a common force moment by means of a constructive level difference.

Likewise, as an apparently right-turning wheel looks left-turning from the opposite view.

The advantages that can be achieved with the invention result from a high performance ratio between the energy expended and the energy output, adjustable speeds, absolute environmental friendliness, harmlessness and due to its regenerability.




By the same inventor :


http://translationportal.epo.org/emtp/translate/?ACTION=description-retrieval&COUNTRY=DE&ENGINE=google&FORMAT=docdb&KIND=A1&LOCALE=en_EP&NUMBER=3804440&OPS=ops.epo.org/3.2&SRCLANG=de&TRGLANG=en


The invention relates to a bimagnetic field generator in which at least one doubled field or energy potential arises from the inclination of a single, multiple or composed magnetic field, regardless of the number of poles, by vibration, preferably rotation, which is generated by stator winding arrangement in the center of the oscillation fourfold, and by means of a rotor center cutout, additional level inner stator windings can be used eightfold.


The advantages which can be achieved with the invention result directly from the efficiency which has been improved twice to eight times, a specifically lower cost and material expenditure, a lower drive power and reduced dimensions. Additional advantages can be seen from the applicability of commercially available coil windings, since specially shaped rotor or stator windings are not required.






https://www.automotive-iq.com/powertrain/articles/reducing-industrys-reliance-rare-earth-metals


https://plsadaptive.s3.amazonaws.com/gmedia/externalresizes/panopoly_image_half_b417469544f34457711bb87d6e87f917.jpg


surprising the LOW active material cost per KW




http://www.schillergy.com/pdf/schiller-energy.pdf



 


https://thebulletin.org/2017/05/clean-energy-and-rare-earths-why-not-to-worry/


Everything that such permanent-magnet rotating machines do can also be done as well or better by two other kinds of motors that have no magnets but instead apply modern control software and power electronics made of silicon, the most abundant solid element on Earth.


The first kind is the induction motor, invented by Nikola Tesla 130 years ago and used in every Tesla electric car today. The second kind, less well-known despite origins tracing back to 1842, is the switched reluctance (SR) machine, likewise made of just iron and (less) copper, but using a different geometry and operating principle. If well-designed, which many are not, SR motors are simpler than permanent-magnet motors, more rugged (so they’re widely used, ironically, in mining equipment), more easily maintained, and equally light and compact.


They can switch in milliseconds between serving as a motor or as a generator, and spinning in either direction. They’re also more flexibly controllable, more heat-tolerant, and cheaper for the same torque and production volume.


The only scarce resources associated with such capable SR machines are familiarity, which few motor experts have, and skill in their more-difficult design—especially at the level achieved by the UK firm SR Drives (bought first by the US firm Emerson Electric, then by Japan’s Nidec).

Both kinds of magnet-free machines can do everything required not only in electric cars but also in wind turbines, functions often claimed to be impossible without tons of neodymium. That some wind turbines and manufacturers use rare-earth permanent-magnet generators does not mean others must. It’s better not to, and the word is spreading.
« Last Edit: July 04, 2020, 09:41:15 PM by lancaIV »

Offline kampen

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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #36 on: July 10, 2020, 09:52:39 PM »

Re: science and prediction
Message from user: LancaIV « Reply #34 on: July 04, 2020, 01:05:59 PM »

Energy converter and the difference between 1 KW and 1 KWh
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301905364_Experimental_study_of_energy_harvesting_in_UHF_band

7,7 mW      = 0,0077 W    or   0,000077 kW
so for permanent 1 KW output 130.000 units are needed ,24 KWh per day ,8766 KWh per year
130.000 x Figure 11 unit : costs per unit ? sqm area ,cubic-mtr volume ?

https://contest.techbriefs.com/2016/entries/sustainable-technologies/6390


A nominal generator, approximately the volume of two men's shoe boxes, including the battery and control module, can supply extraordinary output..
Even operating at a low frequency of 400 hertz, the net induced voltage is +/- 8.4Kva/sec, (which is an hourly rating of 30.2Mva/hr (40,500Hp)).
For comparison, power plants generate from 375 to 758 Mva; a wind turbine generates 2-3 Mva; a large heliostat may generate 280Mva..

more detailed information https://patents.google.com/patent/US8847720B2/en

https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&II=15&ND=3&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=19881020&CC=WO&NR=8808220A1&KC=A1

To clarify the operation of this embodiment according to the invention, the following dimensioning of the transformer windings is given using Figure 17 as an example,
 the iron cores being dimensioned in accordance with the manner usual for transformers:
- winding 81: 1000 windings, 220 V/50 Hz, 5 A at full load;
- winding 82: 1 winding, 5000 A;
- winding 84: 1000 windings, 5000 A;
- winding 85: 1100 windings, 4500 A, 220 V/50 Hz.

From the above example it is evident that, with a coil 82 having 5000 ampere windings, a flux variation of 5000000 ampere windings can be generated with the superconducting coil 84.

Accordingly, a generated power of 990 kW can be drawn from the terminals 89 for a power supplied to the connecting terminals 88 of 1 . 1 kW, and this corresponds to a power gain of approximately a factor of 1000.


In the variant indicated in Figure 18 of this fourth embodiment, a two-phase system has been assumed.
In a further variant of this embodiment, the latter can also be constructed according to a three-phase system. In the above described variant, a mains frequency of 50 Hz has also been assumed.
These embodiments may, however, also be used for other freq……..
990 KW out and 1,1 KW in                          to commercial  1/1000          0,99 KW out and 0,0011 KW in

@ All, just wondering...has anybody read this message above ?



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Re: science and prediction
« Reply #36 on: July 10, 2020, 09:52:39 PM »
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