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Mechanical free energy devices => mechanic => Topic started by: Floor on March 05, 2013, 06:11:50 PM

Title: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 05, 2013, 06:11:50 PM
The drawing and descriptions I am posting are not a very clear explanation at this time.  So I will make a clearer explanation here:

The design is of motion producing device, linear or rotary.

A permanent magnet is embedded within in an electromagnet. 
This electromagnet  / permanent magnet combination
is embedded within a magnetizable shell ( probably made of soft iron lamination ).
There is no core inside of the coil, other than the permanent magnet.
The permanent magnet's strength and it's distance from the shell that encloses both it and the coil
allows little or no linkage of the permanent magnet's, magnetic field with the magnetizable shell.

I have named the combination of these three elements an electro permanent magnet (E P M).

When the coil of the E P M is energized so that the coils magnetic field is in alignment with the permanent magnet field,
the electromagnet will have a percentage of the permanent magnet's magnetic field added to it.

When the coil is not energized the E P M will not behave as a magnet, and there will be no magnetic attraction, to
other E P Ms or other elements of an electric motor design, except when the E P M  or  E P Ms are  energized.




Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tak22 on March 05, 2013, 08:55:36 PM
Interesting  :)
Have you done any more than the idea and drawings, anything physical built and measured?
If yes, can you share any numbers? Thanks for contributing!
tak22



Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 06, 2013, 11:03:34 PM
I have not built any prototypes yet.  I am still looking at variations of design.  I will be posting these variations before I move on to building a prototype.  I'm considering a variation of one of the linear models for a first test.  I intend all of this for the public domain.  As soon as it hits this forum please consider it anyone's to use, share, publish or sell,  as long as so doing. does not prevent anyone else from doing so as well.  With this exception: keep in mind that ideas / designs that I post could have been previously patented by someone other than myself.


Thanks for the inquiries. 
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 07, 2013, 03:25:18 AM
More variations
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 07, 2013, 07:41:18 PM
This last jpeg is the architecture for the first prototype I'm building. A Linear motion version.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 08, 2013, 11:40:13 PM
Humor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 21, 2013, 11:34:16 PM
A permanent magnet ONLY "Square Drive Motor" design, UNTESTED. and an easy to build quasi test model.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on March 29, 2013, 06:10:22 AM
The  square drive motor motor, of course does not work.  Gravitational pull is constant while the the magnetic fields decreases by
the square of the distance from the magnet's poles. The magnets will only displace each other by 10% to 15c% at  right angles.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 18, 2013, 08:19:02 PM
Here is a photo and drawing of a test device, designed to crudely measure the square drive interactions. I may have misstated the magnet displacement created in the test device.  I think the attracting force magnets were displaced at around 30% by the repelling magnets.

Here is a photo(poor quality) and drawing of a test device.  Further experimentation is needed.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Paul-R on August 19, 2013, 03:46:20 PM

A permanent magnet is embedded within in an electromagnet. 

My first reaction is that, unless you are very careful, the electromagnet may tend to de-magnetise the permanent magnet.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Kator01 on August 19, 2013, 03:58:35 PM
Hello Floor,

you may study Al PorterĀ“s website if you like: http://www.gap-power.com (http://www.gap-power.com)

Here are his intro-videos. Choose the full length video if possible

http://www.gap-power.com/videos-rotary.html (http://www.gap-power.com/videos-rotary.html)

Regards

Kator01
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tim123 on August 19, 2013, 07:43:45 PM
Hi Floor,
  I assume that the 'EPM's are the part of the setup which you think may provide OU? Are you working on the basis that they will provide more magnetic force than a similar coil with a steel core for the same input power? If so - then you could just test one of those...

However, I think it's likely it'd give you much less magnetic force than a standard coil - because the PM core will not contribute as much field as a steel core would. Also, if the steel casing isn't magnetised by the PM when the coil is off - then surely that means it's won't be contributing anything when the coil is on either. So the overall effect would be as if the coil had no core at all. Also - as the metal casing goes all the way round - it shorts out the magnetic circuit - so there would be very little field outside the casing.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: synchro1 on August 19, 2013, 07:58:52 PM
Imagine two solenoid coils, one stationary and the other current reversing on a treadle. The treadle has a charging magnet piston attached to one end to supply output through a pickup coil. The unit should run close to unity with an equal charge to both coils. 


Replacing the stationary coil with a PM of equal strength should deliver the same output. Doubling the strength of the stationary magnet stator should yield a COP of >1 right?    
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tim123 on August 20, 2013, 09:44:54 AM
Hi Synchro. Not sure what you mean about a 'treadle', google images thinks thats part of a sewing machine...?
Or a 'charging magnet'...? Maybe a diagram?

However, in any standard type of generator, it's Faraday's / Lenz's law that limits the system to COP<1, not the strength of the magnets. To make a generator OU, I think you have to change the geometry so the back-emf has somewehere else to go - other than just straight back at the rotor. But you also have to make sure it has something to react against - else there will be no real power in the output - like the 'toroidal generator'.

Maybe it would be possible to design a generator where the coils' back-emf react against each other - rather than the rotor... ;)
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 20, 2013, 04:20:31 PM
@Paul-R

Yes I think you are correct, at least for most types of magnets. Neo mags would hold up better, probably ?
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 20, 2013, 04:23:02 PM
@Kator01

Thanks for the post/suggestion, I will check out the video.


floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 20, 2013, 04:48:35 PM
@Tim123

I think you are correct, in regard to the iron shell shorting the magnetic current.  A different shell design is needed.

The reluctance/reactance will be high with a perm mag core. 

But I think that the perm mag field can be made to contribute to or detract from to the mag field of the coil.

There fore also to the shell field.

I believe that Iron cores do not increase the strength of a mag coil, but rather significantly concentrate it. (I may be wrong about this)

Thank you very much for your observations and post

              floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: gyulasun on August 20, 2013, 04:54:05 PM
...

However, I think it's likely it'd give you much less magnetic force than a standard coil - because the PM core will not contribute as much field as a steel core would. Also, if the steel casing isn't magnetised by the PM when the coil is off - then surely that means it's won't be contributing anything when the coil is on either. So the overall effect would be as if the coil had no core at all. Also - as the metal casing goes all the way round - it shorts out the magnetic circuit - so there would be very little field outside the casing.

Hi Tim,


Basically I agree with what you say on a permanent magnet as the 'core' for a coil because every permanent magnet has a permeability of very close to that of the air i.e. 1 just due to its normal saturation.
However, what you say on the steel casing that it would not contribute anything even when the coil is ON is not neccessarily correct because the flux from the upper layers of the coil just under the steel cylinder would surely turn towards the steel, making it also a magnetized core just like the core would be length-wise in the center line of the coil. In fact, you can make an existing normal electromagnet stronger by wrapping a steel pipe / cylinder around it, by doing this you simply add more ferromagnetic core (cross section) to it. Checking this with an L meter, you would certainly see an increased inductance versus the no steel cylinder addition case.
And the metal casing would not short out the magnetic circuit because it becomes a magnet itself when current flows in the coil, the magnetic poles at its ends would develop in the same way as if it were placed in the middle center line of the coil, no?

I assume Floor wants to enhance the strength of a normal electromagnet by adding a permanent magnet to it and I believe it can be done. Would like to show a link, I wonder if you both have seen this drawing on an electromagnet which has both core and permanent magnet inside:
http://www.overunity.com/4624/how-to-make-bedini-motor-overunity/msg96814/#msg96814 (http://www.overunity.com/4624/how-to-make-bedini-motor-overunity/msg96814/#msg96814)   

This setup really "shorts out" the flux of  the permanent magnet and when you enter current to the coil and the coil ends would have the same poles as the permanent magnet has, then the flux of both the coil and the permanent magnet would appear outside the core.
By discussing this setup with one of my friends he told me that I could make an as strong normal electromagnet as the added flux comes out from this setup, by choosing a better ferromagnetic core and using more AmperTurns...  And I told him, yes but when you have a restricted space for the electromagnet, then adding a permanent magnet like that could still increase the resultant strength.

However, if you wish to utilize the fact that you get say twice as much flux from an electromagnet in this setup by using the same input power than without the embedded permanent magnet, then you have to find out how the rest of your setup in which you use this "super" electromagnet could utilize the extra flux strength without the usual Lenz or action-reaction effect, right? (unfortunately...)

Gyula
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: gyulasun on August 20, 2013, 05:37:59 PM
....
 Neo mags would hold up better, probably ?

Yes, Neo magnets are much harder to demagnetize by normal AmperTurns used for pulse motors,  heat can demagnetize them much more easily.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 20, 2013, 05:40:35 PM
@synchro1
/Tim123

I'm not sure I'm understanding your design/description (synchro).. But I believe we are thinking along the similar lines.

If the impedance of a mag core coil is large enough, it will negate the mag force increase caused by combining the mag core and coil fields.

Unless the (duration in time) of the physical movement of the interacting components is long enough, and their motion (has force enough) such that it is work greater than the wattage input.

The duration of  reactance can be very breif, since it only exits / is produced while current is rising or falling.  Once a DC current in a mag core coil peaks, impedance ends, then there is only the electrical resistance of the circuit.  Mean while work may continue to be performed
by the mag fields/motion of the physical components ? 

However any motion of these mag / coil physical components in close proximity and relative to one another, will produce secondary emf / electrical currents within the coils. complications !

I think we are all familiar with the situation.  The question is are these designs / geometry s any solution ? 


       Thanks y'all

Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: gyulasun on August 20, 2013, 05:45:18 PM
....
I believe that Iron cores do not increase the strength of a mag coil, but rather significantly concentrate it. (I may be wrong about this)
....


Hi Floor,

I agree, ferromagnetic cores collect flux from their vicinity and they are not flux amplifiers. Due to their relatively high value permeability they are able to conduct and guide magnetic flux much more readily than materials with much less permeability.

Gyula
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: gyulasun on August 20, 2013, 06:01:59 PM


I think you are correct, in regard to the iron shell shorting the magnetic current.  A different shell design is needed.



Well, you may have already read my answer to Tim on the iron shell.

As an addition to the 'super' electromagnet (albeit I do not like to use word "super") a big advantage is that the permanent magnet is fully "hidden" to the outside "world" when the coil is OFF so the setup can also be considered as a permanent magnet ON/OFF switch...

Gyula
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 20, 2013, 06:04:30 PM
@Gyulasun

Thanks for the input !

I had left this topic, temporarily, in order to build some mag field interaction test devices for perm mags. The next generation of devices will be
more accurate and versatile, and able to test electro mag designs as well.  I'm busy with some tests, at this time. But I will be offering / willing to test suggested designs, perhaps within two weeks or up to  few weeks from now.


               cheers
                         floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tim123 on August 20, 2013, 06:29:10 PM
Hi Gyula / Floor...
  I agree that the steel casing itself would contribute some flux. The point I was making was that if the PM core's field cannot penetrate the casing when the coil is switched off - then that won't change when the coil is on - so the field from the PM is never seen outside the casing, coil on or off.

Floor, my understanding is that an iron core absolutely does contribute it's own magnetic field to the arrangement. It's not just concentrating the field produced by the coil - it's generating its own. This is why you have 'B / H Curves' for ferromagnetic materials. As the 'H' field from the coil increases, the 'B' field from the iron increases non-linearly to the saturation point.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturation_(magnetic)

The problem I see with this approach is that overunity has nothing to do with magnet strength at all. Stronger magnets = stronger Lenz forces in opposition. So stronger magnets alone are of no benefit. The key to OU has to be the change the geometry of the generator - so the Lenz forces are not applied back to the rotor...

It occured to me today - when I was writing the prev post - that perhaps the generator coils could aim their lenz-forces at each other instead of the rotor... I've often wondered if it'd be somehow possible to use the Lenz force to your advantage - i.e. to turn the rotor, and I do think it is possible. Standard generators & motors are pretty basic - and just throw the coils & magnets directly at each other... A bit more subtlety is the key I think.


Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tim123 on August 20, 2013, 08:19:21 PM
Hey folks,
  I've posted a new thread to discuss my re-arranged generator - so I don't go off-topic here.
http://www.overunity.com/13730/rose-tinted-lenz-generator/

:)
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: synchro1 on August 20, 2013, 08:26:47 PM
Naturally, increasing magnet strength would increase Lenz drag, but the net result would equal more output per unit of input.


Look at Art Porter's GAP. His electromagnetic coil equals the magnetic strength of the permanent magnet backing it up, so that it's power can match and mask the PM field with an opposite charge;


Then the repulsion doubles over what it would be with the electromagnet alone when the current's reversed. Horse sense can probably tell us as much as Art's sketchy COP measurements.    
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tim123 on August 20, 2013, 09:15:38 PM
Hi Synchro.
  I think the Lenz drag is exactly equal to the change in flux. So a stronger magnet provides exactly the same amount of output - just in a smaller package.

So a stronger magnet would not equal more output per unit of input (ignoring friction etc), it would be exactly equal. The counter-force in any generator is provided by the load.

The GAP power device isn't OU. I spent some time playing around with that setup - it taught me lots - but it's not OU.

It takes exactly the amount of energy to cancel the field of a PM as you can get back from it - if you're just placing a coil in front of the PM. I've tried it. In fact - there are losses.

I think it's true to say: If your magnets face the coils directly - it's never going to be OU - because of Lenz's law.

Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on August 29, 2013, 05:32:46 AM
@Kator01

Thanks for posting the gap motor link.  Interesting design.

I was not familiar, with the "gap motor".  And yes there is a similarity between the gap design, and the
mag core/iron shell design.  However, the gap design requires electrical input equal to the perm magnet strength, to neutralize the perm magnet. No net gain.

The goal of the mag core/iron shell design, is to create a mag field in the iron shell, only when the coil is on.  And to contribute to that field with the mag field from the perm magnet core.

Thanks very much again for your post.

                           cheers
                                  floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: tim123 on September 02, 2013, 10:12:52 AM
Hi Floor,
  this arrangement might work. Diagram below:

 - The steel core surrounds the magnet & provides a complete magnetic circuit - so the flux doesn't leave the core.
 - The coil surrounds the steel core.
 - When the coil is powered up, the same polarity as the magnet, it saturates the steel core so that return path isn't available.
 - So the effect should be to have the flux of coil + core + PM on the outside of the core.

I'm not sure if this would give you more magnetic force for a given electrical input though... It may be that it takes extra current to saturate the steel, with the PM inside it...

Regards
Tim
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 02, 2013, 03:22:37 PM
@tim123

Thanks for the suggestion. 

Your drawing is a variation of the gap motor design, but a stimulating idea.

If the permanent magnet within the iron shell, were kept isolated from the iron shell, (not in physical
contact with, and only partially in a "magnetic contact" with the iron shell)  then the principle would be similar to the
electro permanent magnet (EPM) concept. 

             Thanks again

                  cheers
                       floor

                          PS

                               I'm still busy with measurements on the 1.5 : 1 all magnet design/testing



Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: lancaIV on September 02, 2013, 04:47:14 PM
R&D by the US Army:
http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&II=11&ND=3&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=20000425&CC=US&NR=6054789A&KC=A (http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&II=11&ND=3&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=20000425&CC=US&NR=6054789A&KC=A)


Sincerely
              CdL

Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 03, 2013, 10:56:41 PM
@LancaTV

Thank you for your interest and the link.

I intend to return to this topic on a more full basis....soon.  Our main endeavor on the 1.5 : 1 ratio (work from magnets)  topic is nearing completion.


                                               Cheers
                                                     floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 04, 2013, 08:29:05 AM
More open source designs
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 17, 2013, 03:17:06 PM
Another architecture, I like this one !


                                         Cheers
                                               floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 17, 2013, 07:13:50 PM
Magnetic field study of one of the architectures

Please see the following Jpg files
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 17, 2013, 07:25:06 PM
mag field in conductors studies




                              floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 19, 2013, 02:47:34 PM
I think that this last "odd shaped toroid shell" with an external non toroidal field coil, (the coil is cylindrical), will fly.

I hope the previously posted designs / studies have not been too much of a waste of anyone's time. May be they were
as thought provoking for others as they were for me.

One can see from the study (split coil JPGs) that the mag. fields from the electro. mag. will penetrate the perm. mag. at it's core
as well as at it's external field. 

The external part of the perm. mag. field could combine with the electro. mag's. internal field. but the perm. mag's internal field
would  be opposing the electro. mag's  field. This cancellation would reduce or eliminate any net gain, otherwise resulting from the combining of the electro. and perm. mag. fields.

Not so in this last design.

Please find attached "shell with hole JPG"


                                          floor
                                               
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on September 25, 2013, 05:20:09 PM
Cheers


     Except for my initial posts, my drawings above. are just my notes as I look at both the designs ideas and their physics.  They may be good ideas or bad ideas.  I often draw them, to give me clarity.  I post them here just to show the trek of my thinking.

                                       Floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on October 04, 2013, 07:38:23 PM
More Electric and magnetic field studies.
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on October 05, 2013, 05:54:35 PM
end view
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on December 08, 2013, 04:15:16 PM
Some relevant designs, maybe for the interior of the electro permanent magnet.

                           See the PDF file below
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on December 08, 2013, 04:24:29 PM
------------------------------------------
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on December 08, 2013, 11:44:44 PM
                A little clearer description of the drawings


                         cheers
                            floor

                                   ps

                                    maybe this can form the "mag core" of an electro permanent magnet "shell" ?
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on December 12, 2013, 05:03:50 PM
Same file with Torus coil Addendum
                floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on February 24, 2014, 10:53:49 PM
Some days, I'm really itching to get back to this topic, and do some builds / experimentation / tests.  But I'm too busy else where.

Latest sketch below (JPG)


                                                             Keep it cool

                                                                      floor
Title: Re: Perm. magnet only core with iron shell, motor coil
Post by: Floor on May 26, 2014, 06:55:58 PM
@moderator / web master

The jpeg s on the first page of this topic are over size for some reason.
They were not so when originally posted.
Is there some way to correct this problem ?

                            floor