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Author Topic: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy  (Read 46761 times)

Offline Zeitmaschine

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Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« on: December 21, 2017, 06:05:17 PM »
INTRODUCTION

The following notes are intended as an aid to cut the Gordian knot regarding the free energy devices of Tariel Kapanadze, Arkady Anatolievich Stepanov, Nilson Barbosa, Cleriston De Moraes Leal and some other inventors. I'm convinced that the principle of work - the modus operandi - of all those devices is basically the same and can already be found (somewhere hidden) in the fora, the internet, the patents. Although the outcome is still uncertain while writing these lines, there will be an outcome anyway: either (preferred) a working device - at least some unconventional circuitry behavior - or the realization that most likely the following citations, clues and conceptions are just gibberish par excellence. Whatever the case may be, reading between the lines and thinking outside the box can help quite a lot, because the principle of work could be straightforward to such an extent, that it is almost impossible to get the idea. So, good luck, be careful, don't get confused and here we go!


A COLLECTION OF GUNTIS/COSMOLV STATEMENTS

1) Tariel said, the device is very simple;

2) 220V goes in and 220V goes out; 50Hz;

3) everything is in the coil setup - actually in windings; it is a bifilar coil but in non-standard way, closed looped by itself;

4) all magic happens between coils; trigger coil is the output power coil; try to put your mind back to those years; no semiconductors, no RadioShack - nothing, just wires and transformers;

5) most important thing is to generate sharp pulses;

6) device is not transformer but choke where high voltage - no more than 2000 volts - produces light ionization; what you need is little high voltage to give birth to new electrons and lots of electrons forming around the wires, the second thing is to activate these electrons;

7) a static field or ionization is also called a dead magnetic field, but we can convert this field to perform work;

8) high voltage in specific frequency creates a dead magnetic field; if we synchronize this high voltage with the low voltage half-wave, then we can turn the core in an electric generator and it works like a combustion engine;

9) high voltage is injector and low voltage is piston, magnetic field is combustion chamber;

10) when impulses are generated, a magnetic field is created in a bifilar coil, so in total you have one source, but in fact you have resonant magnetic generator with two fields;

11) it is not enough to loop electricity through coils, you need to interact with medium (make a bridge); but remember always and always this is manipulation with time;

12) ions are attracted by ionization, this high voltage field is magnetized with vibrations and we get a very powerful magnetic field and this field is the outside power; energy is received on coil through magnetic field, not electrical or electrostatic;

13) this device is not a toy, it has a great ability to change our lives and it needs to be done in a smart way; we need to think globally; if anybody release schematics government takes fast control of it, it will be turned as illegal immediately; actually the effect in this device is very specific magnetic field, the technology by itself is like atomic reaction, but without pollution of radiation; BUT ... this magnetic field, if you make it stronger, it can kill you in seconds or, if you make it stronger, it can cause an effect like an atomic bomb; you cannot change the world or change the rules of our governments. With this device YES you can! Free Energy is only one side of it, other side is the most powerful weapon in human history after Nuclear Power! By the way, nuclear power sits far back compared to this (Free Energy) principle; it generates its own magnetic field which is not dependent of earths fields, without earth grounding the device produces too much power, but this is different story which is not related to Free Energy, there are more things, not only Free Energy ...


LET'S SEE IF WE CAN CATCH THE MEANING OF THOSE STATEMENTS

An alternating electrostatic field is exposed to an alternating magnetic field, in a way, that this electrostatic field converts into a magnetic field, strengthening the initial magnetic field, thus leading to an even higher rate of the electrostatic to magnetic field conversion (cf. Karl Linde's self-cooling method for liquefying air). A positive feedback that could indeed lead to the destruction of the device. Achievable with 19th century electric parts. Nowadays most likely the advanced component we would use to get the mentioned half-wave synchronization is a diode bridge comprising four semiconductor diodes, because they are far easier to handle than four vacuum tubes. Moreover, due to the fact that the device is very simple, constructing a three-phase one should be no major issue.


BUT APPARENTLY THERE IS STILL SOMETHING IMPORTANT MISSING

Guntis on May 02, 2011, 12:55 AM: »[...] vibrating this medium with certain frequency you get a pattern in this medium«

What pattern, what frequency?

Thanks to the stuff hidden under Stepanov's cardboard box we can now fill in that missing part: It is a Frequency Doubler Circuit. This should be the upper left part in Kapanadze's mysterious patent drawings WO2008103129A1 and WO2008103130A1; as it looks, the first patent was not misdirecting sufficiently, so Kapanadze filed quickly a second one. Points (3) should be the diode bridge, a diode bridge like from a car alternator, not(!) distributor of an engine. A diode bridge that is also called »the Moray valve«, because most likely Moray's device was based on the same physical principle.

The Kapanadze patents are mainly nonsense, but nonetheless they contain some grains of truth:

Original quotation: »First circuit is designed for generating electricity by transferring the electro magnetic field occurred at the first bobbin with the electric energy received from the independent initial power supply, to second bobbin. And as the second circuit; Due to the high magnetic field received from the first bobbin, there occurs a magnetic field difference between the bobbins. The magnetic field difference occurred between the second bobbin and first bobbin stabilized by the help of frequency stabilizer within this circuit line. As stabilizing the magnetic field difference by the help of frequency stabilizer, this circuit line also converts the energy which is moving independently in the air at the second bobbin designed within this line to electric energy.«

Now the supplemented quotation: First circuit is designed for generating electricity by transferring the electromagnetic field occurred at the first transformer (high voltage at 100Hz), with the electric energy received from an inverter or the grid, to second transformer (actually a bifilar coil, a choke). As for the second circuit, due to the high magnetic field (the dead magnetic field) received from the first transformer (at 100Hz), there occurs a magnetic field difference (the parametric resonance pattern) between the transformers. The magnetic field difference occurred between the second transformer and first transformer is stabilized (phase-locked) by the help of frequency stabilizer (diode bridge frequency doubler) within this circuit line. As stabilizing the magnetic field difference by the help of a second frequency stabilizer (spark gap firing at 100Hz), this circuit line also converts the energy (by means of a short circuited coil, the current amplifier), which is moving independently in the air (the ionization), at the second transformer (the bifilar choke), designed within this line, to electric energy.

Quotation from Presentation 2005: »Necessary primary and secondary coils. Primary pulse is applied to the primary coil. And here arises the electromagnetic pulse is transmitted to the secondary coil. Resonance occurs, and the secondary coil begins to receive energy from the space.«

Supplemented quotation: Necessary primary and secondary coils (bifilar choke). Primary pulse (sharp high voltage pulses, 100Hz, phase-locked) is applied to the primary coil (forming a closed circuit with itself). And here arises the electromagnetic pulse (generated by captured electrons circling in the loop) is transmitted to the secondary coil (magnetically through the iron core). Resonance occurs, and the secondary coil (choke connected to load and ground) begins to receive energy from the space (the aether).


THE BIG CLUE

a.king21 on August 15, 2012, 01:05 AM: »Again I think the 2004 video is a big clue. It is almost as if he wants to erase it but cannot, so he tries to make us forget about it.«

There is another interesting - better: highly misleading - point related to the frequency doubler circuit: Besides a diode bridge and a capacitor, that kind of frequency doubler circuit needs a power resistor, rated at least 50 watts, in the scope of 500 to 2000 ohms mounted on a heat sink. Therefore the question: Where can we see that resistor in Kapanadze's 2004 (big clue) video? On those black heat sinks? Two of them? Are there resistors available looking like silver transistors, like those transistors in the green box video on the very same black heat sinks? No, there are no such kind of resistors! But ... I can't find one single frame(!) in the 2004 video that shows clearly any silver transistors on those black heat sinks. Furthermore, each heat sink in the 2004 video is connected with two(!) wires only.

What does that mean? It simply means: In the 2004 workbench setup there are no such transistors! It's an illusion. An illusion created by the two transistors on the green box, here clearly connected with three wires. In the 2004 workbench setup there are RESISTORS on the heat sinks, NOT transistors; resistors needed in order to double the 50Hz frequency. Thus, the transistors in the green box video are a decoy, they do nothing. Here the needed resistors maybe hidden below the heat sinks or within the green box itself.

The measurement of the input amperes in the 2004 and green box video shows 0.5A; this calculates to 220V times 0.5A = 110W. What is it, that mainly consumes those 110 watts? Answer: the power resistors on the heat sinks. Actually there should be a more sophisticated solution to generate high voltage at twice the base frequency. But it's good enough for testing.

By the way, the transformer on the workbench seems to be just an isolation transformer to make the diode bridge and the capacitor look like being parts of an ordinary DC power supply.


ANTI-GRAVITY

cosmoLV on February 15, 2012, 08:03 PM: »By increasing frequency of spark gap [...] can be achieved different types and characteristics of magnetic field - up to gravity effects«

I see. A car that runs already on free energy would be a lot more enjoyable if it could hover freely above the ground in addition. Hence, increasing the frequency of the spark gap means what? Increasing the frequency of the high voltage as well as the frequency of the low voltage? So, as the high and the low voltage is phase-locked to each other, the high voltage stays twice the frequency of the low voltage, regardless of the low voltage (magnetic field) frequency. Generating a small amount of anti-gravity seems already be possible with a mechanical device, then why not trying it electrically, without moving parts? (cf. Abraham force, Biefeld-Brown effect, Boyd Bushman effect, etc.)

Therefore, as a first test, wrap an iron core with coaxial cable (that's the non-standard bifilar coil, actually a very long concentric capacitor; not ruling out that some kind of ordinary bifilar wire could also be sufficient; not sure yet, see below), use the inner conductor as choke, connect it to the load as well as to the 220V input from grid or inverter (between phase and ground), close loop the shielding (braid) of the coaxial cable and connect it to a high voltage source via a spark gap, then run the high voltage generator phase-locked at twice the input frequency by means of a frequency doubler circuit in order to get the synchronized (half-wave) vibrations. Typically the shielding of a coaxial cable connects to ground (negative), here it connects to high voltage positive (reason for this see below).

Don't know if this idea is smart enough, but the most interesting thing now would be to observe how the government tries to turn a simple iron core wrapped with equally simple wires into an illegal device - even if it could act like an atomic bomb.

cosmoLV on November 11, 2011, 03:13 AM: »I know how Tariel device working and i know how to build it [...]«

cosmoLV on February 14, 2012, 07:18 PM: »This technology need to be first in our hands widely than army or government. How to do this? by letting crack this up individually by little help [...]«


NILSON BARBOSA AND CLERISTON LEAL DEVICE

»Os captores de elétrons podem gerar energia em qualquer parte do circuito elétrico de acordo a necessidade do projeto seja em baixa, média ou alta tensão, este acontecimento possibilita a integração da geração de energia elétrica entre consumidores, concessionaria e as usinas geradoras. A energia elétrica também pode ser gerada no meio e/ou no fim da rede, no qual o consumidor é o fim, o meio são as concessionárias de energia elétrica, mas sempre dependeram da força inicial das usinas geradoras.« (website no longer exists; wonder why)

Translation: »Electron captors can generate energy in any part of the electrical circuit according to whether the project needs to be in low, medium or high voltage, this fact allows the integration of electricity generation between consumers, utilities and generating plants. Electricity can also be generated in the middle and/or at the end of the grid, in which the consumer is the end, the medium is the electric utility, but always depended on the initial power of the generating plants.«

»O captor gera energia elétrica através da movimentação de partículas elétricas em constante movimento, independente de estarem realizando trabalho ou não. Ao serem ligadas as cargas, surge um dipolo magnético no circuito captor/terra, fazendo com que a corrente gerada e usada para realização de trabalho seja injetada na rede, pela fase, em forma de energia elétrica ativa correspondente à mesma potência de consumo das cargas. Este efeito possibilita a integração da geração de energia elétrica entre consumidores, concessionárias e usinas geradoras.« (website no longer exists; wonder why)

Translation: »The captor generates electric energy through the movement of electric particles in constant motion, regardless of whether they are doing work or not. When the loads are connected, a magnetic dipole arises in the earth/captor circuit, causing the current generated and used to perform work to be injected into the network, by the phase, in the form of active electric energy corresponding to the same power consumption of the loads. This effect enables the integration of electricity generation among consumers, concessionaires and generating plants.«


ARKADY STEPANOV TRANSFORMER

»Наш разговор начинается с демонстрации устройства. Аркадий включает в сеть простейшую цепь, состоящую из большой лампы накаливания и счётчика, который показывает, сколько энергии лампа берёт из сети (500 Вт). Потом в эту цепь Аркадий добавляет ещё одно звено - изобретённый им резонансный усилитель. Что меняется? Лампа горит также ярко, а вот показания счётчика стали значительно ниже - на табло значение 42 Вт.« (x-faq.ru)

Translation: »Our conversation begins with a demonstration of the device. Arkady includes a simple circuit consisting of a large incandescent lamp and a meter, which shows how much energy the lamp consumes from the network (500 W). Then in this circuit Arkady adds one more element - the resonant amplifier he invented. What is changing? The lamp is equally bright, but the meter reading is much lower - the value is 42 Watts.«

Both of those descriptions sound also like a choke device connected plainly between the phase and neutral of the grid (or inverter), powering a load. Likewise Kapanadze's first devices depended on the initial power of the inverter as well. By way of illustration, the resonating coil receives a weak impulse (push) from the inverter and answers with a more powerful impulse (maybe phase-shifted) each half-wave at 50Hz, e.g. the inverter supplies the coil with an impulse of one watt, whereupon the coil echos an impulse of ten watts (creating negative impedance). Like a combustion engine, where a small ignition spark triggers an explosion (powered by gasoline instead of the aether), providing a multiple of the initial energy needed for the spark.

As a side note, both of the following two half sentences do actually mean the same:

Barbosa-Leal: »[...] electric energy corresponding to the same power consumption of the loads.« (see above)
Kapanadze: »[...] in accordance with the need and maintains the energy to be ready to be used.« (see patent)


EDWIN V. GRAY TUBE

US4595975 - Efficient power supply suitable for inductive loads: »When the low-voltage anode 32 is connected to a source of current, an arc is created in the spark-gap designated 62 of the conversion switching element tube equivalent to the potential stored on the high-voltage anode, and the current available from the low-voltage anode. [...] Within the conversion switching element tube, this energy is absorbed by the grids 34a and 34b mounted circumferentially about the interior of the tube.«

Here the crucial finding is: Not the Gray motor is the special part but the Gray tube. As one can see in the slightly revised patent drawing below, that Gray tube is technically a concentric capacitor charged with high voltage. As soon as the spark gap fires a high current runs through the center wire (the center plate) and creates a strong magnetic field, converting the electrostatic field between the plates into a magnetic field. But this method of generating a magnetic field seems to be not too efficient. The more preferred strategy should be, to extremely lengthen the Gray tube until it equals a coaxial cable and then to wrap it around an iron core, adding one more dimension to the concentric capacitor (»I always liked holographic images« - cosmoLV), in order to maximize the generated magnetic field and at the same time minimizing the required current.

That means, the grids (34a and 34b) represent the inner conductor of the coaxial cable, whereas the shield of the coaxial cable (most likely not vice versa) is connected to a spark gap (or a spark gap substitute) that can create sharp high voltage pulses. Since - contrary to the tube grids - the inner conductor of the coaxial cable has two ends, it can be used to magnetize the iron core and simultaneously serve as an output coil which can directly power a load.


MORE FORUM RESEARCH

cosmoLV shows a drawing of some pipes looking like coaxial cables on November 08, 2011, 12:23 AM: »why nobody see at Linde's device which Tariel shows at end of green box video?«

stivep on February 03, 2012, 02:56 AM: »I would like you to revisit series of videos of mine from Georgia, coaxial cable was used there«

cosmoLV admits indirectly the option of coaxial cable on February 03, 2012, 03:41 AM: »coaxial cable reveals nothing without understanding what you are doing«

stivep gets close (too close?) to the principle of work on February 03, 2012, 03:50 PM: »All purpose is to have HV impulse present in coax but not in inner wire as shield would normally shield the EMF. But what about electrostatics hm?«

cosmoLV suddenly denies the utilization of coaxial cables on February 03, 2012, 10:38 PM: »[...] there are no coaxial cables [...] About transparent box: There also are no coaxial cables in any case!«

a.king21 on August 23, 2012, 02:28 AM: »[...] Kapanadze was panicking because he could not get coaxial cable from his regular supplier [...] His device desperately needs about 5 meters at least of braid between 2 - 5 mm for his device to function. Without it, he cannot build his device. [...] What is interesting is that he uses braid [pletionka] for the earth lead. But more importantly is the use of braid inside the device.«

So, what was missing at that time? First, wrap a suitable coaxial cable around an iron core (soft iron, not ferrite); a coil running at 50Hz must have an iron core in order to do anything useful with that 50Hz. Second, supply the shielding of the coaxial cable with sharp HV pulses at 100Hz. 50Hz goes in and 50Hz goes out, so I can't see any reason why the high voltage should be running at a higher frequency than 100Hz and why no soft iron core should be used. In 2010, as a matter of fact, the forum was almost at the finish line (Shokac: »Try this setup«) ... then the forum derailed.

Here a question comes up: We need air (or other gaseous medium) in order to have something to ionize - assuming the insulation coating of a wire can't be ionized adequately, if at all. Hence, is there enough air present in a coaxial cable for ionization? Or would it be a better choice to have simply two wires wound as bifilar coil with a lot of air between the windings? Or what about utilizing the braid inclusive coating of a 5mm coaxial cable but inserting the inner wire inclusive coating taken from a 2mm coaxial cable (or any ordinary thin insulated wire) in order to have more air between the inner wire and the outer shielding? This depends on how much capacity between the coils is needed. Maybe we do not need any capacity at all, just ionization. This is still unclear at this point. Also unclear so far: is the denying of the utilization of coaxial cable the distraction or is it the pointing to it?

cosmoLV on September 28, 2010, 06:02 PM: »wires need to be with isolation, this is great for spacing, you need usual electric wire - not magnet wire.«

cosmo-lv on June 13, 2010, 07:58 PM: Ionization leads to »lots of electrons forming around the wires«, which then leads to the question: Wouldn't it be much better to have electrons around a wire, namely the anode circuit, without insulation? Further, wouldn't it also be much better to have multiple bare wires combined to one conductor surrounded by ionized air, in order to have a surface area as large as possible in direct contact with that ionized air? But is winding a coil with a bare wire a good idea? And here we are back to the shielding braid of a coaxial cable. First, it consists of multiple bare wires, second, it is coated, but only on the outside. On the inside there is a lot of room for ionized air in direct contact with the surface of all the single strands of the braid. Is this the reason why Kapanadze reportedly needs coaxial cable to build his device? The shielding is the anode the inner conductor the cathode - not vice versa?

Of course, if the inner conductor is the cathode, then there has to be an insulation - a coating - between this inner conductor and the surrounding shielding. But how can electrons from the grounded cathode travel to the anode through a non-conductive coating? Answer: they cannot. The electric field, which ionizes the air, attracts electrons located in that ionized air (»Energy comes from air« - cosmo-lv) towards and into the bare anode (the coaxial shielding), whereas the same electric field attracts the ions towards the cathode (the inner coaxial wire) but not into it due to the coating. Nonetheless that surplus of positively charged ions around the cathode's coating should attract negatively charged electrons from ground towards the load circuit - the choke, but not necessarily through the load itself.

That video of mine about that 100Hz phase-locked high voltage transformer was close, but then I didn't really know what to do with that voltage. This Phobos schematic was also very close, but after that it was (therefore?) removed from the Russian forum (У вас нет разрешения на доступ к этой странице - You do not have permission to access this page) and completely ignored in the overunity forum.

cosmo-lv on June 14, 2010, 12:26 AM: »there are 3 things who driving FE Device; without all 3 factors together - you cannot get anything!«

According to the latest findings those three mysterious things should be: (1) Sharp high voltage pulses generate an electric field and thereby ionization (2) that electric field is surrounded by an alternating magnetic field (3) whereby the frequency of the electric field has to be twice the frequency of the alternating magnetic field.

Optional it could be: (1) A cathode and an anode on an iron core (2) the cathode is a coil generating an initial magnetic field, the anode is a short circuited coil that collects electrons (3) the electrons then circulate in that anode coil and thereby generate a strong magnetic field.


BARBOSA-LEAL AND TESTATICA

And here the question arises, how does Methernitha's Thesta Distatica machine generate an alternating magnetic field in addition to the static electric field generated by the Wimshurst wheels? Don't know yet. Or maybe it is sufficient to have a permanent magnetic field in specific cases? Quote from Barbosa-Leal patent WO2013104042 - Electromagnetic device for capturing electrons from the ground to generate electricity: »[...] if the power source is alternating current - AC, the captor supplies alternating current - AC power. If the power source is direct current - DC, the captor supplies direct current - DC.« Therefore, does that mean neither an alternating current is required nor is an alternating magnetic field, but it will not hurt either if it is alternating nonetheless? Of course, neither the Barbosa-Leal patent nor the Kapanadze patent tells us something about high voltage pulses at 100Hz frequency. But then, what could happen when the power source is DC? It creates an electromagnet (solenoid) which the Barbosa-Leal patent describes as an »electromagnetic field generating device - without a core or at least one core«. Now basically we have a simple electromagnet, maybe with an iron core or not but bifilar wound (maybe with coaxial cable). So, what could happen when the first coil (the magnetic field generating one) is connected to ground and the second coil (the short circuited one) is hit by high voltage pulses through a spark gap with an arbitrary frequency (since the base frequency is zero)? Could the capacity between those coils generate any unusual effect? According to the textbooks, DC can generate a permanent magnetic field, but a permanent magnetic field can't generate DC (would be nice though). But can a short circuited coil hit by high voltage pulses be consider as DC? If we place a permanent magnet in a coil (instead of an iron core), nothing happens, there is no electromagnetic induction as long as the magnet doesn't move. However, if we place a permanent magnet in a bifilar coil, one coil forming a closed circuit with itself and hit by high voltage sparks, then what happens to the other coil? Will it generate energy (voltage and current) in correlation with the energy supplied by the spark, or will there be a surplus of energy that can be drawn from that coil? Experiments should tell ...


CONFUSING STUFF

There are four more patents filed by Barbosa and Leal, all with the same dates (Priority date Jan 13, 2012; Filing date Jan 11, 2013; Publication date Jul 18, 2013):

WO2013104039 - Equipment for condensing electric current and equipment for transmitting electric current through air
WO2013104040 - Electric energy generation system
WO2013104041 - Electromagnetic device for capturing free space electrons to generate electricity
WO2013104043 - Electric energy generation system with feedback

Strange: Patent WO2013104043 shows a simple feedback loop constructed around the »electron capturing element« (the free energy device) described in patent WO2013104042. What could be the value of filing a patent of a feedback loop when a patent of a free energy device has already been filed? Such a loop should be prior art anyway. Patent WO2013104040 seems to be also about a feedback loop. Here it's an electric motor that drives a generator which is connected to the motor. I would bet, first this is nothing new, second it will not work if the goal is to generate a surplus of energy (at least it is unnecessarily complicated). Further, patent WO2013104039 shows a rotating disk of some kind claiming to be capable of »transmitting electric current through air«, whereas patent WO2013104041 shows two hollow metal half-spheres claiming to be capable of »capturing free space electrons to generate electricity«. Curiously Barbosa and Leal never presented such (or alike) devices in public.

There are also some odd patents around, filed by Arkady A. Stepanov. Unfortunately, all those patents have nothing to do with the transformer device presented in the videos, namely the workshop demonstration and this multiple device setup including the cardboard box hiding a frequency doubler circuit. In chronological order:

RU86 364 - ПРЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬ ЭНЕРГИИ (Energy converter)
WO2011053188 - Combined rectifier
WO2011145975 - Autonomous electrical power supply source with a recharging function using one rechargeable battery
WO2013039415 - Resonant transducer

Since most of the content of those patents look like utter nonsense (maybe I'm in error), my best guess so far is, all those patents have only one purpose: to create confusion. In one patent there are two transformers connected in series with a diode (half-wave rectifier) also in series. The patent claims reducing losses during conversion of alternating current into direct current. Although the schematic looks straight forward, there was never a working device replication presented by anyone that proves any reduction of losses. Actually the best assumption is, that this schematic will not work at all. Conclusion: If one Stepanov patent is obvious nonsense, then most likely all others Stepanov patents are also nonsense. The question therefore: Who gave Stepanov the order to file those non-working patents? Who is interested in the creation of confusion? Who is interested in ridiculing a working overunity transformer by means of witless schematics? Stepanov, the inventor?

Continuing with some contradicting statements from cosmoLV. First, the frequency should be in kHz range, not 50Hz, over 3000V, but at a later time, no mixing of frequencies, then suddenly, it is no more than 2000V at 50Hz. Yes, at all costs avoid any hint pointing to the correct high voltage frequency of 100Hz (120Hz). Since that frequency is derived from the 50Hz (60Hz) grid frequency and phase-locked, there is indeed »no mixing of frequencies« in some sense. So, because »the coil resonates itself« (cosmoLV) it will resonate with 50Hz and 100Hz (2nd harmonic) but not with 50Hz and some kHz non-phase-locked. Tariel Kapanadze: »I have simply found a method, which automatically adjusts a resonance between primary and secondary coils.« The secondary coil is the coaxial cable inner wire, the primary coil is the coaxial cable shielding (closed looped) - or maybe primary and secondary coils named vise versa - or maybe a standard bifilar wire coil.

cosmo-lv on June 11, 2010, 03:04 AM: »this one works in 50 Hz; No way to get free energy device; you need frequency something around 21 - 35 kHz with small simple HV transformer with 3000v - 6000v«

cosmoLV on February 15, 2012, 08:03 PM: »No more than 2000 triggered volts in frequency of 50Hz«

cosmoLV on March 09, 2012, 03:12 AM: »There is no mixing of frequencies«

No surprise, this created a lot of confusion among replicators.

cosmo-lv on June 13, 2010, 12:39 PM: »the coil outside the green Tariel's device is real transformer who transforms two processes into one«

This would be odd, because in the green box video Kapanadze clearly says »resonator is inside« the green box. Also there is no such coil in later devices. That could mean, either cosmo-lv spreads deliberately false information, or, although knowing the working principle, he does not know the functionality of the Kapanadze device components in detail. However, transforming two processes into one could be correct. Anyhow, the deception goes on and we have to pick further relevant statements out of the misleading garbage:

cosmo-lv on June 02, 2010, 02:06 PM: »no Semiconductors [...] just wires and transformers [...] about microchips - they don't need at all.«

Vacuum tubes working as diodes seem to be allowed. But essentially cosmo-lv says: No modern transistors are needed. That's correct, there are indeed no transistors in Kapanadze's 2004 setup. Congratulations!

cosmoLV on March 20, 2011, 03:23 AM: »This is only a part of device schematics - i will not release all in one, but this part is real, no jokes no hides«

Truly no jokes? A real schematic with transistors? The same transistors explicitly not needed a few months ago? And now even a microchip is required? What happened? Was the forum straight on track and could step by step have soon arrived at a working device, so it was time to derail the forum (again)?

We can only speculate why one and the same individual at one time points the correct way, but at another time misleads in a completely wrong direction. Schizophrenia perhaps? And here we are and still waiting for the promised »big turn in history« in summer 2011.


(End of part one)

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy


Offline Zeitmaschine

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #1 on: December 21, 2017, 06:08:27 PM »
(Part two)

DIGGING OUT ADDITIONAL POSTS OF INTEREST

verpies on November 10, 2011, 01:35 AM about the yoke-device: »Yes, it would seem impossible with the 15turn coil alone, because at 50Hz this coil has such a low impedance that it appears as a short circuit to the weak signal generator.«

My to cents: If we want to power five 1kW incandescent light bulbs, then this would be exactly what we need, namely a 50Hz coil that has a very low impedance, seen from the load (light bulbs), but a high impedance, seen from the weak signal generator (grid or inverter).

stivep on November 05, 2011, 02:11 PM: »it became apparent that the fireballs resulted from the interaction of two frequencies, a stray higher frequency wave imposed on the lower frequency oscillations of the main circuit [...] DOES IT RING THE BELL FOR YOU?«

Yes, it rang the bell a while ago, but not too many seem to be interested in that ringing bell so far.

The lower frequency oscillation is 50Hz, the higher frequency is 100Hz, the latter generated by means of a frequency doubler circuit. Since we do not want fireballs (I guess), there is no need to have Tesla coils running at some kHz. What we want is a coil that generates a strong magnetic field, so the result is an output of 220V/50Hz at very low impedance.

cosmoLV on September 22, 2010, 04:58 AM: »you need to think in visual way [...] I always liked holographic images«

verpies on November 10, 2011, 11:55 AM: »In a conventionally AC pulsed toroid inductor a Longitudinal Coil magnetizes the ferrimagnetic core 1-dimensionally only along its circumference, thus the domains do not have the motivation to make a full 2D rotation and their movements resemble the back-and-forth rotary oscillation of clock's balance wheel. However the 90deg. out of phase orthogonal magnetic fields, can cause bulk 2D domain rotation and the simultaneous E-field between the parallel copper strips that is perpendicular to both of these magnetic fields can create complex unconventional 3D EM effects.«

Holographic images and 3D EM effects? Nice coincidence. So, that suggests, the inner wire of the coaxial cable is the »Longitudinal Coil« and the shielding of the coaxial cable (or standard bifilar wire) then creates an electric field (»a dead magnetic field«) that converts to a »90deg. out of phase orthogonal magnetic field« due to the magnetic field generated by the inner wire (longitudinal) coil, and so we can get complex unconventional effects.

cosmo-lv on June 09, 2010, 04:00 AM: »Everything is in the coil setup - actually in windings. The resonance is not that resonance who everybody seeking. Coil resonate itself and make some magnetic fluctuations. Coil not running with TV HV transformers.«

cosmoLV on November 24, 2010, 04:22 PM: »principle in schematic above is 80% of device [...] just think with head and don't make NASA Shuttle! all device is simpler than you even imagine!!!!«

cosmoLV on November 08, 2011, 01:09 PM: »You can work on resonant LC circuits - but it never give you a free energy«

Now my reasoning: The Stepanov overunity transformer makes use of the same basic physical principle as the Kapanadze device. That Stepanov transformer is a three-phase transformer. Hence, if everything is in the coil setup and that coil setup is self-resonating (not classic LC resonance), then perhaps it wouldn't be the worst idea to take a closer look at the windings of some three-phase power transformers. Are such transformers wound with coaxial cable? The answer is NO ... but ...


A CLOSER LOOK AT THREE-PHASE TRANSFORMERS

Concerning Transformer Winding types: »[...] as a current to be handled becomes larger, the complexity of such windings increases. A large current requires a large cross-sectional area, thus eddy current loss also becomes high. For this reason two or more conductors connected in parallel have to be used to reduce eddy current loss.«

So, if a coil actually consists of two electrically insulated wires, then we can call this a bifilar coil (a coaxial cable is a special form of a bifilar wire). And it seems, this is the solution to the puzzle how Kapanadze, Stepanov and Barbosa-Leal (and maybe others) came to their devices in the first place: A bifilar coil wound on an iron(!) core, one coil pulsed with high voltage generated by one of the other high voltage coils of the same (or a different) three-phase power transformer, for some reason (wrongly connected) phase-locked twice the grid frequency. A bifilar coil wound on an air core will not work because in order to handle 50Hz grid frequency, it is imperative to use an iron core (the Kapanadze 2004 setup is extremely misleading). Also there is no need to use some higher frequency (maybe at a later time for experimenting), because an output of 5000 watts free energy at 50Hz should be enough for a start.

By the way: According to cosmoLV, at one time a ferrite or iron core is needed, but at another time it is not, because allegedly the Kapanadze device works with an air core.

cosmo-lv on June 01, 2010, 07:38 PM: »Don Smith [...] only one thing is missing there - 'Core' you need ferrite or iron core«

cosmoLV on February 04, 2012, 10:08 PM: »Ferrite device is different as air core (Tariel's device)«

No, Tariel's device does not work based on an air core coil; it has to be an iron core coil hidden in the round or green box.

Back to transformers. On the other hand, there is no bifilar wound small 50Hz transformer from RadioShack available, not even a microwave oven transformer is wound that way, but without a bifilar coil the capacity (or should we call it the surface area?) between two coils next to each other is too low to reveal any overunity effect. Therefore any hobbyist, not working with large(!) three-phase transformers, will have a hard time to discover this unusual resonance effect by chance. There is one possibility though: Some transformers in switching power supplies are wound with continuously transposed conductors (see image below), meaning, such a multi-filar conductor could work as coil-capacitor, however most likely not at 50Hz (due to core saturation). Besides, discovering an effect as such does not mean there is no room for optimization, since a commercially available three-phase transformer is perhaps not explicitly designed for the collection of free energy.

Guntis on May 02, 2011, 12:55 AM: »All magic happens between coils«

cosmoLV on March 09, 2012, 03:12 AM: »Most important thing is to generate sharp pulses (triggered); Second is bifilar coil closed looped by itself«

The Lithuania Experiment


CONUNDRUM

yfree on May 12, 2012, 07:38 PM: »The main secret of the Kapanadze coil is the conductive ring placed within the coil. This contradicts standard thinking as a closed conductive ring in a coil would normally be considered to be a wasteful shunt rather than a source of energy.«

Yes, almost correct. But it is rather a short circuited bifilar coil on an iron core, not part of that fallacious thing, commonly referred to as the »Kapanadze coil«.

a.king21 on August 15, 2012, 01:05 AM: »it is something simple. Something an electrical engineer would not try because of the training.«

Puzzling: If the shielding of the coaxial cable (or one wire of a standard bifilar coil) wound on an iron core is closed looped, wouldn't that create a short circuit? But a short circuit means generating a great amount of heat (shorted transformer condition). On the other side, haven't we already seen a »wire« that looks like short circuited and thereby producing a lot of heat? Yes, we have, here it is: BREAKING: Inventors Harness Free Energy with New Device (at 1:05)

Quite interestingly, the original website is already gone: energiauniversal.eco.br:80, also most of the videos are no longer there: energiauniversal.eco.br:80/videos. Who gave the order to shut down the website and delete the videos? The Men in Black?

WO2013104042 - Electromagnetic device for capturing electrons from the ground to generate electricity: »The invention relates to an apparatus that includes at least one device for generating an electromagnetic field (1) - powered by an electricity source - the coils of which are surrounded by at least one single conductive element forming a closed circuit with itself (4), that is connected by induction to at least one connecting conductive element (5), which is connected to a grounding mesh, said connections causing, as a novel technical effect, the appearance of an electrical current that circulates within the conductive element forming a closed circuit with itself, to power external loads.«

On March 09, 2012 cosmoLV writes about a »bifilar coil closed looped by itself« and over one year later, on July 18, 2013, the Barbosa-Leal patent was published and tells us something about a »conductive element forming a closed circuit with itself«. In the meantime on April 08, 2013 one named Phobos draws a schematic depicting a short circuited bifilar coil. Just an odd happenstance?

And that »conductive element forming a closed circuit with itself« is »connected by induction« - not galvanically - to another conductive element. Hence, what kind of conductive element and what kind of induction? Electromagnetic induction as the patent states? »[...] connection between the driving member 5 [the ground grid] and [...] driver(s) 4 [the closed loop, which has also a connection point marked with a plus sign] is done by electromagnetic induction.« However, how can a simple ground grid (a grounding rod) generate a magnetic field in order to have electromagnetic induction? It can't. Something has to be wrong and/or incomplete here. The initial induction mode has to be Electrostatic induction, therefore the plus sign on the closed circuit, in the patent called »driver(s) 4«. The electromagnetic induction (and also the electrostatic induction) then takes place between the two coils, namely the closed circuit and the open circuit connected to the load and the power source. Is the patent here vague on purpose in addition of omitting important information? The incandescent light bulbs connected to the Kapanadze setup are undoubtedly connected on one side to ground, hence the load circuit is grounded, hence grounding the closed loop circuit too makes no sense, since that closed loop circuit has to provide the ionization due to the high voltage connected to it via a spark gap or something equivalent.

On the other hand, what if the load were not connected to ground? Is it really necessary to route electrons from ground through the load? The drawing in the Barbosa-Leal patent (illustration below, left drawing, figure 8) does not show the ground connected to the load/grid (3.1 and 3.2) but to the closed loop circuit (4). Thus, what could be the meaning of that cryptic concentric circles symbol? Does it perhaps mean, the closed loop circuit (4) consists of a bifilar coil (see three-phase transformer paragraph above), one coil is short circuited and connected to high voltage, the other coil (not drawn) is not short circuited but connected to ground and then there is a third coil (3.1 and 3.2) in that setup which is connected to the load as well as to the grid?

Rephrasing the above question a bit: Electrons from ground are needed to be passed through the load, or are they just needed to generate a strong magnetic field, or both?

Transformers: »When a load resistance is connected to the secondary winding, the voltage induced into the secondary winding causes current to flow in the secondary winding. This current produces a flux field about the secondary (shown as broken lines) which is in opposition to the flux field about the primary (Lenz's law). Thus, the flux about the secondary cancels some of the flux about the primary. With less flux surrounding the primary, the counter emf is reduced and more current is drawn from the source. The additional current in the primary generates more lines of flux, nearly reestablishing the original number of total flux lines.«

Phrased in plain language this means, a shorted secondary coil of a transformer makes the primary coil draw more current. Astonishingly the Barbosa-Leal patent sees that somewhat different:

»[...] there is a realization of the energy conservation principle, expressed in Lenz's Law, in which any induced current has an effect that opposes the cause that produced it.«

Correct so far. But then the patent continuous:

»Assuming the induced current acts in the sense of favoring the variation of the magnetic flux that produced it, the magnetic field of the coil would have a south pole confronting the north pole of the approaching magnet, causing the magnet to be attracted in the direction of the coil.«

Now we have two statements already - cosmoLV and the Barbosa-Leal patent - saying something about »forming a closed circuit«. And further the patent claims that the magnetic field generated by that closed circuit (shorted secondary coil) is not (as typically) in opposition to the flux field generated by the primary coil, but in favor of it. Marvelous!

Not only to trained electrical engineers it sounds strange at first sight to have a shorted transformer ... but not so strange on second sight: If a transformer working in standard mode draws more amperes from the grid when its secondary coil is short circuited (loaded), then logically a transformer working in overunity mode should draw less amperes from the grid when its secondary coil is short circuited. Furthermore, the phrase »sounds strange« can be taken literally in respect of Kapanadze's 2004 Video. I always wondered where this humming sound is coming from. Another sound example, generated by the Transparent Box, and what a surprise, the Stepanov transformer generates also a lot of humming noise, uncommon to a transformer working in standard mode (see waveform graph below).

Zeitmaschine on February 05, 2013, 04:00 AM: »the humming noise correlates with 50Hz and 100Hz«. As the drawing of the sound wave reveals (see below), the measured noise amplitude of the 100Hz sound wave is larger when the corresponding 100Hz high voltage swings in one direction and weaker when it swings in the other direction. The meaning of that could be, the magnetic field is stronger when electrons are attracted from the grounded cathode coil and then circulating in the shorted anode coil, and it is weaker when the previously attracted electrons are pushed back again to ground (at zero crossing of the 50Hz wave).

There is another point of interest in the Barbosa-Leal patent: The short circuited coil should have »preferably two turns if the goal is electricity generation, and preferably four turns if the goal is to generate thermal energy.« Because the number »of the turns are directly related to the amount of current to be generated.«

Just two or four turns? In that case we would need three coils on the iron core. One coil is bifilar, representing the cathode connected to ground and the anode forming a closed circuit with itself connected to high voltage, both having two or four turns. The third coil then is the initial magnetic field generating and output coil, having a higher number of turns. According to all available information, here the Barbosa-Leal device seems to be slightly different from the Kapanadze device, which apparently works with just two coils, namely one bifilar coil.


SPARK GAP OR NO SPARK GAP

This is here the question. Zeitmaschine on October 30, 2012, 06:45 PM: »If the energy output consumed by the lamps is ever in relation to the spark then the lamps have to flicker because the spark flickers.«

This is correct and incorrect at once, because of the question: Does the spark of Kapanadze's green box setup flicker? Closely observed, the spark bounces around between the electrodes of the spark gap, it does not flicker like an ordinary high voltage spark; and that is a very important clue. If the spark gap would fire exactly synchronized to the 50Hz (100Hz high voltage) frequency - instead randomly - then indeed there would be no cause for the light bulbs to flicker. So, is this the reason why the green box spark gap is made adjustable by means of a screw, but the tin can spark gap is not? If a randomly firing spark gap would be sufficient, then why that odd screw for fine adjustment? Someone should have blocked that spark gap while the device was running. Observing the effect would have been worthwhile. Anyhow, I'm still convinced the visible 2004 spark is just for fun, actually it looks like a high frequency spark (generated by a needless and failing HV generator), whereas the green box spark is low frequency and behaves completely different - not to mention that phony spark of the aquarium 2012 device. Thus, one confusion less to clear up.

One more question at this point: Why does the setup evidently need a spark gap at all? Of course to generate sharp pulses. But why do we need sharp pulses? The high voltage has to be double the frequency of the grid voltage (in order to excite parametric magnetic resonance?), but with a sinusoidal wave at 100Hz the capacitance between the two coils is too small (just a few nano-farad) to generate any noticeable effect. Thus, do we have to convert that 100Hz sinusoidal wave into sharp pulses, so those pulses can be »conducted« (lower impedance) by that small capacitance more easily? Wouldn't that mean, a setup running at higher frequency, e.g. 10kHz or 100kHz, could work without a spark gap, although the fundamental requirement still would be to have high voltage oscillating at twice the base frequency? Does the Steven Mark TPU work with a spark gap? Or is this all about ionization and the capacitance does not matter? And here another issue to ponder on: The spark is essentially generated by high voltage at 100Hz, but the magnetic field that surrounds the high voltage ionization works at 50Hz. Then the result would be a 100Hz spark or a 50Hz spark? Kapanadze »is saying that in the spark gap is 50Hz«, perhaps in the green box spark gap, but surely not in the visible spark gap of the 2004 video. But of course, if the spark fires at 50Hz, then the IPCC illustration below should be different.


HAROLD ASPDEN'S CONCENTRIC CAPACITOR

NIKOLA TESLA'S AETHER-POWERED CAR: »Dr Tesla did admit that his device was merely a receiver for a ›mysterious radiation, which comes out of the aether‹ and which ›is available in limitless quantities‹.«

Curious, so far this was all about ionization - also called a dead magnetic field - and that ionization somehow has to provide the limitless energy that we can take for free. But how can ionization provide limitless energy and what has the aether to do with ionization? Unfortunately, the applied physics appears to be a bit more complex than Kapanadze's »The secret is so simple - you'll laugh«.

Harold Aspden: »Consider a capacitor formed by a pair of concentric cylindrical electrodes [...] When that voltage is applied between the electrodes electric charge is displaced in the underlying vacuum medium located between those electrodes. A commensurate amount of electric charge is thereby held in place on those electrodes [...] Given my claim that this is accompanied by 'vacuum spin', aether rotation, which has imported an equal amount of energy owing to a quantum phase-lock as between the charge of the vacuum medium, we have the energy gain we seek to exploit.«

Here the mystery continuous. Does ionization create aether rotation, or does aether rotation create ionization, or is there no aether rotation at all, as Aspden claims? Or is there an aether rotation but we don't need it? Energy has to come from somewhere, but where is it coming from and how? Aspden suggest further that the rotation of the aether results in getting an equal amount of energy for free as initially invested in order to start the aether rotation, therefore doubling the amount of energy during each working cycle. In contrast, the Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal devices seem not just doubling the invested energy, but multiplying it. That could lead to the assumption, that aether rotation initiated in a concentric capacitor can give a surplus of energy, as Aspden states, but nonetheless it is not the principle the Kapanadze device is working on. The Hendershot generator, for example, does not use a spark gap nor a high voltage generator, but a concentric capacitor; though it is possible it generates sharp high voltage pulses somehow.

Aspden: »The problem, however, is that, with this simple capacitor configuration, the only control parameter available is the reduction of the voltage between the electrodes. [...] The added energy imported from space is merely dispersed by the 'vacuum spin' slowing down but expanding beyond the bounds of the capacitor electrodes as it conserves its angular momentum. The energy imported from the quantum underworld of space has no way of enhancing the energy output of the capacitor circuit and so is left to dissipate itself [...].«

What about the control parameter named »electromagnetic field«? If the concentric capacitor is under influence of a magnetic field, then the aether rotation in it could interact with that magnetic field in a way that this initial magnetic field becomes strengthened. Remember the Barbosa-Leal patent: »The induced current acts in the sense of favoring the variation of the magnetic flux that produced it«. A question as a sideline: If the coil is not wound with coaxial cable (representing the concentric capacitor) but a simple bifilar wire, then will this also trigger some kind of an aether rotation? But if there is no aether rotation as Aspden suggests, then what could be the process that collects the energy from the aether? Because in the absence of a better alternative it should indeed be the aether that provides the energy we are looking for. Harold Aspden, the aether and the Correa invention


THE CORREA REACTOR

Anyone ever heard in the news about the discovery of a self-sustaining overunity device called the »Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharge reactor« (PAGD), the US5502354 patent published in 1996? No? Likewise!

It is a abnormal gadget that could fit the category »So simple, you would laugh«, although only in regards to its basic construction, not its physical functional principle in depth. The main component consists of just two electrodes in a partially evacuated glass tube, being pulsed (sounds familiar) with several hundreds volts (sounds familiar) to generate an electric field (sounds familiar) to generate ionization (sounds familiar). As we can see in the schematic of the test circuit, there is a power source (the battery on the left) that powers a load (the motor on the right) and between those two wires the PAGD is connected in parallel to the power source and load, so essentially the PAGD gets a small energy pulse from the battery and it echos this small energy pulse with a more powerful energy pulse (sounds familiar). Instead of Kapanadze's choke connected in parallel, here we have an ionized capacitor connected in parallel. Intriguing!

Apropos »ionized capacitor«: This High and Low Voltage Capacitors Test gives also strange results. Connecting an arbitrary capacitance to the low voltage side (primary coil) of a high voltage transformer makes the input current either to stay the same or to go up, dependent on the capacitance. But connecting an arbitrary capacitance to the high voltage side (secondary coil) of the same transformer lowers the input current about 10% easily. What is going on here? Is there also ionization involved around the capacitor(s) triggering a (small) gain in energy somehow? A capacity below 4nF will surely not generate any noteworthy ordinary LC resonance at 50Hz, but if it does for some reason, it should also be possible to lower the input current about 10% by connecting a suitable capacitor to the low voltage side; but it is not.

The Correa Invention: An Overview and an Investigation in Progress: »Impressing several hundreds of volts between the anode and cathode sets up an electric field which will accelerate any stray electrons sufficiently to ionize gas molecules. Electrons, being negative, are attracted to the positively charged anode. The positive ions, are attracted to the negatively charged cathode, but being much heavier, move more slowly.«

Wikipedia: »Electrons drift faster than positive ions due to their much smaller mass.« Therefore, as it looks, maybe (or maybe not) we have here the answer to the above question: Why do we need sharp high voltage pulses? Possible answer: We need sharp high voltage pulses in order to separate and accelerate light electrons leaving the more heavy ions untouched.


TRYING TO GET A PRACTICAL RESULT

The next question is, what to do with those separated and accelerated electrons, being negatively charged? We take again a look at Kapanadze's bifilar coil, forming a closed circuit with itself. That closed circuit - the short circuited primary coil (or name it secondary coil vice versa) - gets hit by a positive high voltage spark, thereby creating ionization around it. Thus, all electrons in the nearby ionized air (or are they supplied by the grounded secondary coil although insulated?) will drift fast to that loop, the heavier thus slower ions are not affected to such an extend, meaning there is now a surplus of negatively charged electrons in that short circuited coil (the anode), but no (or less) surplus of ions in or near the secondary coil (the cathode). Could it be, that difference triggers something? Anyway, at the same time when the positive charging of the coil occurs, this charged coil is exposed to a magnetic field (remember cosmoLV: »in total you have one source, but in fact you have resonant magnetic generator with two fields«) generated by the primary coil, which sends all those additional electrons in a closed loop (the anode) around the iron core, leading to an extraordinary strength of the magnetic field.

Basically we have here a cathode and an anode and an electric field between. The cathode consists of a coil generating a primary magnetic field, the anode consists of a short circuited coil, generating a secondary magnetic field. The electric field is initiated abruptly by means of a high voltage spark. Further, the cathode is connected to ground or a large metallic object. For comparison, in the description of the Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharge reactor (from Infinite Energy magazine) we can read: »The cathode area is large - 128 square cm in some test samples; the area of the anode and the probe are less important.«

Now investigating: Why do we need a high voltage spark firing at 100Hz, twice the 50Hz grid (base) frequency? When a positive spark fires, it attracts negatively charged electrons. Then we put those electrons to work, we activate them; those additional electrons then strengthen the magnetic field. But this magnetic field changes its polarization accordingly to the alternating 50Hz frequency. This suggests, that every time the magnetic field reverses its polarity, we have to get rid of the electrons previous collected, by firing a negative spark in order to push those electrons back at each zero-crossing of the 50Hz grid frequency. Afterwards, when the magnetic field has reversed, the next positive spark fires (see illustration below) and attracts new electrons. Obviously this should generate a ground current oscillating at 100Hz. Quite conceivable: Kapanadze measured only the amperes of the ground current never its frequency; if my memory serves me correctly.

a.king21 on December 02, 2013, 12:45 PM: »Then Kapanadze panicked when he saw our space age equipment and refused to complete the agreement. He said we would find his secret.«

This indicates the secret can be revealed looking at the output waveform by means of an oscilloscope. It is not a 50Hz sinusoidal waveform. Of course, this will reveal the use of a frequency doubler circuit, disclosing thereby a 100Hz wave superimposed on the 50Hz base frequency. We remember, they where unable to measure the output voltage in the green box video, they said »the field is influencing«. But actually, when looking at the humming sound waveform, the secret has been revealed already without connecting any space age equipment directly to the device. Now the task is to implement that revealed secret correctly.

Question: Why not leaving the once attracted electrons circulating in the closed loop? Possible answer: We need an ongoing pumping effect (a repeated acceleration of electrons) to get continuously energy from the aether. This leads to the statement of the Barbosa-Leal patent »If the power source is direct current - DC, the captor supplies direct current - DC«. It says, the power source is DC. It says not, the high voltage is DC (actually it does not even mention high voltage sparks). Interestingly enough and coincidentally, the power source of the Correa reactor is also DC, namely a battery. Obviously the input of DC does not prevent the generation of excess energy, nonetheless some pulsing process is required.

Attempting to get a visualization of the electric field and the ionization. The electric field, which creates the ionization separating ions and electrons, reverses its polarity abruptly (by means of a spark) 200 times a second (at 100Hz). The negatively charged electrons are more influenced by that electric field than the positively charged ions because of their difference in mass. So we could say, the ions are the heavy peas on a light tray which represents the electrons. Now we start to shake that tray. The peas will stay almost on their places, whereas the tray moves with a large amplitude from one side to the other. Apparently this could be the effect that Kapanadze calls shaking the aether. »Tariel said that the resonance between two transformers 'shakes' the aether«, this then causes additional energy from the aether to flow into the system. Kapanadze further: »Ferrite core prevents the process and therefore does not apply at his device«. But this does not necessarily mean soft iron prevents the process too. There are lots of distraction tactics going on here, e.g. the need of two Tesla transformers working at 100kHz. That's downright rubbish. Where are those Tesla transformers on Kapanadze's 2004 workbench?

At this point another issue comes up: We shake the aether and thereby attracting electrons from ground (or rather from the air only?), then why do we need two coils for doing that? Wouldn't it be sufficient to attract additional electrons directly into the load circuit, to generate a higher current in that circuit, instead into a second circuit? A potential answer: The load circuit is a high-resistance circuit, it contains the resistance of the load, whereas the closed loop is a low-resistance circuit, it is shorted. That shorted circuit, therefore, can generate a higher current with the same amount of electrons than the load circuit could. A higher current means a stronger magnetic field. The load circuit then receives the additional energy via this magnetic field. cosmoLV: »energy is received on coil through magnetic field; don't take energy directly from the coil«. A second potential answer would be: Attracting electrons directly into the load circuit would mean to pulse that complete circuit with high voltage, inclusive the load. This is rather impractical in some way.

This leads to the insight, there is no need to have a grounded load, it is only necessary to have any grounded cathode coil (see Barbosa-Leal vs Kapanadze drawing below) and that in turn leads to the insight, the ground current shown in the Kapanadze green box demonstration goes not through the load, that's an illusion, it goes just to the cathode coil. If we have an incandescent light bulb connected to an ordinary transformer drawing one ampere, what do we need if we want two amperes going through the bulb? Exactly! We need a stronger magnetic field in order to push more electrons, already present in the circuit, through the bulb, within a given time frame. Connecting the bulb circuit to ground will change nothing.

As a small recapitulation: One part of the Kapanadze device is a generator supplying sharp high voltage pulses at 100Hz phase-locked to the 50Hz grid frequency. That stands firm. The second part of the Kapanadze device is the so-called »resonator«, the ionization choke, comprising a short circuited anode coil, which attracts electrons into the closed loop in order to let them generate a strong magnetic field. Here I'm not entirely sure yet, how to design and construct it in detail. Will see ... (type and spacing of wire; number of turns; type of core; connection method; etc. )


A DEEPER LOOK INTO THE STRUCTURE OF THE COSMOS

cosmoLV on February 14, 2012, 07:18 PM: »if you once get this magnetic field - you will be amazed«

The particular thing here is, the load has to receive the energy through a magnetic field. This magnetic field needs an iron core (or doesn't it?) since the working frequency is 50Hz. The Stepanov transformer has an iron core for sure and also the Barbosa-Leal patent drawing shows explicit an iron core, thus an iron core can't hurt even if it would not be needed. But, according to standard physics, when the magnetic field exceeds a certain level, then the iron core saturates and the magnetic field can't be made stronger. So, how can a small iron core fitting in Kapanadze's tin can generate a magnetic field that equals 5000 watts of power? Are we overlooking something? Maybe the overlooked part is this (scrappy) video EV GRAY Motor and Cold Energy lost Video, that demonstrates an unusual powerful magnetic field. The electromagnetic core is made of plastics, nevertheless it is not an air core.

Guntis on April 28, 2011, 10:08 PM: »When matter passes through the membrane, there is a moment, an infinitesimal amount of time, when the matter actually contains both polarities, positive and negative. It seems that the particles are in the same place at the same time. It's almost what you might call an exchange of antimatter. When passing through the membrane occurs instantly, infinitely small imbalance of what we call the Cosmic Lattice. And at this moment, there is energy created, seemingly out of nowhere.«

The Cosmic Lattice? Deeply interesting! Then here we are back to Harold Aspden and the cubic structure of the vacuum, how Aspden calls that Cosmic Lattice: »Here I depict the vacuum as having a cubic structure, a state of order of the kind we see in crystals or in the magnetic domains of a ferromagnetic material.«

In short: When the device works correctly, then something happens on a subatomic level, not explainable by physics aimed to explain processes taking place above that subatomic level. What is a magnetic field? What is an electric field? No idea - except those fields are related to a higher dimension, we normally can't sense. See also: Experimental Quantum Antigravity - Abraham force, Biefeld-Brown effect, Boyd Bushman effect.

Anyone feels dizzy after all this? I do.


WHAT NEXT?

We are left with these three choices: a) A working device can be constructed in accordance with the explanations above, b) although all the theories are correct to nearly hundred percent, the device does not work, because of minor implementation issues, c) it is not possible to complete a working device, because everything of the above stated (and below depicted) is completely rubbish all along the line.

Therefore on the agenda now: Experimenting. It's time to cut that Gordian knot.

Best regards

Offline peper10

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #2 on: December 21, 2017, 11:59:37 PM »

Is that what you are talking about!!!


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lf64CP-8rvk

Offline Zeitmaschine

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #3 on: December 22, 2017, 04:15:04 PM »
No, not exactly. Among other things, I'm rather talking about this: correa's pagd in ACTION

It collects energy from the aether by means of ionization, like the Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal device. If one could find the lost videos...

It's an interesting term, by the way: »quantum explosion«

Offline jojo500

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #4 on: December 22, 2017, 09:13:00 PM »
wow
extremly well thougt material.

I'm 100% sure tariels device was absolut lowtec.
evetually he came across this by fooling araound with some of this 3phase transformers  ..
how ever .

good work filtered lot of other nonsens out thanks a lot
 :)

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #4 on: December 22, 2017, 09:13:00 PM »
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Offline x_name41

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #5 on: December 23, 2017, 02:48:35 AM »
i apply the comparison scheme )

souce

Offline antimony

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #6 on: December 23, 2017, 09:34:53 AM »
I am glad that you have put all this together, and it is indeed very interesting.

RomeroUk and a bunch of others have also tried coil shorting in motors with good results it seems, so it wouldnt be a far stretch to think it would have effects in other devices too.

I have to read it again, but it was very interesting indeed.

Thanks for compiling it. :)

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #6 on: December 23, 2017, 09:34:53 AM »
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Offline Zeitmaschine

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #7 on: December 23, 2017, 12:30:25 PM »
»Captor de Eletrons da Terra«, principle of work, according to all available information: An anode wound on an iron core forms a closed circuit, preferably made of bare wire. That anode attracts electrons by ionization due to high voltage from air or ground. Then these attracted electrons are forced to circulate in that closed anode circuit by an initial magnetic field, generated by a primary coil, thereby generating a second magnetic field, stronger than the initial magnetic field.

There is no other interpretation, as I see this. The problem here is the exact specifications of the coils. How many windings? Thick or thin wire? Spacing of the coils? Timing of the phase-locked high voltage? And so on.

The Barbosa-Leal patent says two turns for the anode to generate electricity, that means to generate a strong magnetic field. If the aim is to just heat up the anode coil, then it should have four turns. Thus, for the time being, it sounds simpler to pay attention to a heated anode coil in order to see if something unusual happens at all, instead of connecting incandescent bulbs and measuring the current going through.

Further, I'm still puzzled what in that context the meaning could be of »polarized« vs »unpolarized« and »continuous electrical current - DC« vs »alternating electrical current - AC«.  DC generates a permanent magnetic field and so does a permanent magnet. Hence, if a permanent magnet is wrapped with a four winding anode coil and that coil is pulsed with high voltage, so the surrounding air becomes ionized, then will that coil heat up and generate thermal energy? Strange, never heard of such a thing. But who knows...

Offline forest

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #8 on: December 23, 2017, 04:43:29 PM »
You are so right...the answer to world energy crisis is always here - it's magnetic field.
The best invention is again lost - Barbosa &Leal copied Hubbard device.
Imagine what can you have HV or pulsed DC from 230V thought the diode bridge.Or both.And that's all!
It's a matter of coils to get what we need - answer me what we need to generate large output from induction ?

Offline forest

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #9 on: December 23, 2017, 04:53:22 PM »
Humans are the utmost stupid creatures. They destroy environment so fishes are dying ,but when some fish is almost extincted its value is rised and people rather to protect the species they are eager to catch them all due to high price in no-valuable currency called money :-( If they do it for mother nature how we could expect them to give all poor people free energy from magnetic field.

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #9 on: December 23, 2017, 04:53:22 PM »
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Offline Zeitmaschine

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #10 on: December 25, 2017, 01:40:10 PM »
BARBOSA-LEAL AND THE DIY WELDER

WO2013104042A1: »4. Equipamento eletromagnético, de acordo com a reivindicação 1, caracterizado pelo fato de que elemento condutor em circuito fechado em si mesmo (4) é polarizado com uma tensão.«

Translation: »4. Electromagnetic equipment, according to the claim 1, characterized by the fact that the conductor element in a closed circuit in itself (4) is polarized with a voltage.«

The ambiguous phrase »polarizado com uma tensão / polarized with a voltage« does not exclude the connection to high voltage nor AC or DC nor pulsed DC. The »conductor element« is the anode, the concentric circles symbolize the cathode connected to ground.

WO2013104042A1: »preferencialmente duas voltas se o objetivo for geração de energia elétrica, e preferencialmente quatro voltas se o objetivo for geração de energia térmica.«

Translation: »preferably two turns if the objective is electric power generation, and preferably four turns if the objective is thermal energy generation.«

So it says, we need two windings (duas voltas) for the generation of electric energy (geração de energia elétrica). Then, is there any kind of transformer that works with two windings only? Yes, just by chance, there it one: it is a DIY transformer for a spot welder wound with two turns of stout wire. Are there any reports of something strange going on sometimes when working with a spot or arc welder? Yes, just by chance, here is one: a kWh meter starts to run backwards as soon as the welder sparks and the circuit is shorted. We could easily dismiss this as »cheating the meter«, if it weren't for the Barbosa-Leal patent showing almost the circuitry of an arc welder. He should have connected an incandescent light bulb in parallel to his welder in order to see if the bulb shines brighter or dimmer while the meter runs backwards. Could be, we are pushing at an open door.

And also just by chance, a factory-made arc welder comprises a diode bridge that doubles the grid frequency. In addition, drawing sparks means generating sharp voltage pulses and generating ionization between the electrodes (here rather with low voltage than high voltage). Further we can read in the comments: »The equipment gets quite hot after a while, it is ok for experimental purposes.« Like the Barbosa-Leal patent states, it generates thermal energy.

Thus, we have here a two windings coil short circuited, a frequency doubler, ionization, sharp pulses and a connection to ground. Sounds all familiar. The result then is a power meter that runs in reverse. Just one more odd happenstance, I guess. If, for some reason, one has no stout wire at hand, maybe a thick coaxial cable could also do the job.

When an ordinary motor is connected to the grid together with a bank of capacitors, could that also cause a Ferraris electricity meter to run in reverse? If no, then that welder does not simply cheat the meter, it indeed generates its own power and pushes that power into the grid. If yes, anyone (using a meter without an in-built backstop) could connect a capacitor bank to his vacuum cleaner, etc., in order to power it for free, and even get paid for using it. Nice.

Indeed, the electricity companies are concerned about electricity meters running backwards, though not because of a malfunction, but because of their tariff policy (import-supply tariff vs feed-in tariff). On technical basis, backwards running meters are in perfect working order when a solar panel exports electricity to the grid. This has nothing to do with power factor and reactive power, as suggested by some. Of course, suggesting the generation of free electric energy out of thin air does not comply with the textbooks.


Merry Christmas, by the way. Anyone uses aether powered Christmas lights yet?


Offline iflewmyown

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #11 on: December 25, 2017, 06:39:57 PM »
Zeitmaschine,  I just got back in from trying your test on the welder. First let me explain that I have the perfect set up to do the meter test. I have a large solar panel bank connected to the power grid. When I grid connected the solar panels the power company installed a new meter as the old one contained a ratchet which prevented the dial to rotate backwards. It is overcast today so that my meter is running in conventional mode. I tested a Lincoln 235 amp DC welder. First I watched the meter with the welder switched on but not welding. Of course I was getting charged. Then I started welding at the highest setting (235 amps) and watched the meter. It still went forward and charged me the full amount. It was a good thing to try and there is much more in your writings that I will be trying this coming week.
Thanks
Garry

Offline antimony

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #12 on: December 25, 2017, 08:29:37 PM »
Reminded me of this video that i saw many years ago. I hope it helps.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNTDQvU1ftM Part 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2zjHZzyqzeY Part 2

It is in russian, but i think he is talking about an old welder schematic from the Soviet era.

Offline antimony

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #13 on: December 26, 2017, 09:01:05 AM »
Reminded me of this video that i saw many years ago. I hope it helps.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNTDQvU1ftM Part 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2zjHZzyqzeY Part 2

It is in russian, but i think he is talking about an old welder schematic from the Soviet era.

Ignore this one. I think i got it wrong.

Offline Zeitmaschine

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #14 on: December 26, 2017, 12:20:20 PM »
There is more wrong than this, as it looks.

iflewmyown, I think, they (which.co.uk) handle it the other way round: When a solar panel is installed, they change the old meter to a new meter with in-built backstop. The solar panel system has an integrated meter in order to measure the feed-in tariff. If the main meter would run backwards at the same time the owner of the solar panel would get paid twice for his solar generated power.

Also it is not sure if all welders are suitable to make the meter running backwards. The simplest may be the best one. I can't find any hint what welder he is using in the video.
 
Another find:

Guntis on January 03, 2015, 09:59 PM: »Remember my experiment (i think i have post here 5 years ago) with PC cooler and Tesla coil and when you get synchronous TT and PC fan motor magnetic field, then fan starts to speed up in enormous speed.«

Unfortunately I can't find any trace of such an experiment about 5 years ago (around 2010). Would have been interesting at least. How to connect a PC fan to high voltage Tesla coil without destroying it?

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Re: Kapanadze, Stepanov, Barbosa-Leal and the Secret of Free Energy
« Reply #14 on: December 26, 2017, 12:20:20 PM »

 

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