My loose understanding of magnetism is that in a permanent-magnet, since the atoms are all aligned, and the electrons orbits are aligned, that since an electron has an electric-field, all these 'Aligned-Spinning-Electric-Fields' are the Magnetic-Field.
( And, I think I read that the electric-field and the magnetic-field are unified in the 'theory-of-relativity' )
But to the above theory, I add the following,
When an electron emits material, the height of their orbit changes , and when an electron absorbs material, it's orbit again changes in height.
Electrons are always changing the height of their orbit ( scientists call it a change-of-energy-level or state ). Electrons are constantly emitting, or, absorbing photon-like-material( what photons are made of, I don't know the correct-term, and I don't know if electrons emit full photons ).
( Electrical-current is mainly made of the 'electromotive-force', which is not the electrons, but in electrical-current, 'electron-drift' occurs, but the electrons move much slower than the 'electromotive-force' )
So, could that continual emission of photon-like-material from electrons be what the magnetic-field is made of, or, maybe what the electromotive-force is made of.
The reason I think that that might be what the magnetic-field is made of, is because I wonder if the 'Aligned-Spinning-Electric-Fields' could possibly be controlling the ejected 'photon-like-material' from electrons, into a specific direction and pattern of travel .
( Photons and photon-like-material are not solids like protons or neutrons, they are more like gooey-strings, and apparently even electrons themselves are similar to gooey-strings, especially since because they travel so fast, at any one definable point in time, they are in more than one place at once. )
Could the 'Aligned-Spinning-Electric-Fields' possibly be controlling the ejected 'photon-like-material' from electrons, into a specific direction and pattern of travel, and also turning the gooey-strings into flying-spirals( the characteristics of the spiral being the wavelength or frequency of the individual 'photon-like-material' ).
It would be a strange theory, because then it would mean that protons and neutrons don't play a part in creating the magnetic-field or electric-current.
WARNING - The Following Theory, Is One That Not Even I Believe, Because It Conflicts Too Much With Known Facts .
I had an even stranger theory to the above theories, that I thought I was the only one who had thought it up, but some months ago, I read that someone else had thought it up, a long time before me.
That theory is, that because atoms have this constant dynamic-outer-shell caused by the continual orbit of the electrons, that all the much-smaller-matter floating around in the universe is propelled away from any area where there are atoms( and matter made from atoms ).
So, atoms cause a sort of total-vacuum around them devoid of even the much-smaller-matter floating around in the universe, and therefore in that vacuum atoms tend to clump together, and that is what Gravity is . And all that much-smaller-matter floating around in the universe stays well away from atoms( and matter made from atoms ).
So in effect, Gravity is actually the vacuum-effect caused by the outer-shell of atoms.
But then that wouldn't explain how gravity can work from distances of milions or billions or more kilometres or even light-years away.