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The description of the capacitive transformer
Title: The capacitive transformer
With a capacitive current of the transformer, the flow is intended to
eighth by the size of the surface of the secondary plates (3) 9)) 10))
defined. The capacitive transformer intended to ensure that the the electrical
Reactive current from a primary side to a secondary side
is converted. The AC voltage remains on the secondary side
same as in the primary side. AC is very with
With the invention, a signal from the primary side to the individual
Most of the secondary pages transferred and isolated.
A very interesting application is, when the component in a
The resonant circuit is used with coils. A self-oscillating
Systene thus obtain a very valuable extension. Thus, the
given capacitive coupling. Thus, not only inductive
but also just build coupled capacitively coupled resonant circuits.
The individual plates are DC Moderately separated. This
is on for the signal transfer transistors and other semiconductors
required. The various loads on the secondary side
The secondary output is for example, with an inductive load a motor
loaded. Through the load, the maximum current which flows through I = U / R
is defined. The inductive reactive power is determined by the capacitive
Blinstrom compensated. The reactive power is almost zero. The charge Q
which is defined by U * C = I * t. The output current is from
this may affect health. Is applied to the plates through the primary
Applying a voltage, an electric field established. The electric
Field is thus defined by the insulator (1), shielded 5th).
By induction, so the displacement of charge in dielectrics are
the charge carrier from the primary drive to the secondary plate
moved. The charge is on the surface of the plates. The
inner material of the plate is free of electrical fields. With the
capacitive transformer is the power to various loads so
distributed, as the load is designed to power.
The adaptation of the internal resistance of the voltage source can be
optimize performance by adapting, by the inductive
Reactive current component is transformed by the capacity at 90 °.
By the charge is a maximum current flow, which is not
can be exceeded.
In a possible short-circuit caused by the load, the
Current limited. By a high current flow is that electrolyte (12)
heated and vaporized. In the worst case, this leads to an explosion.
Remedy thereby creates fast swapping of the dielectrics
through the electrolyte pump. Depending on the electrolyte, the internal resistance
and the frequency response changes.
4 shows the electrolytic paper (3), (7) is shown. By
Electrolytic paper which is shaped sinusoidal flows that liquid
Dielectrics (12) between these grooves from the bottom upwards. Thus
the hot dielectric over the pumping system (14) in an external
Heatsinks out (11) and can cool down there.
Figur1 in the Schematic design is shown. By
Pipe connections (15) is that the capacitive transformer dielectrics
out (14) by a pump into a liquid container (11), where the
Dielectrics can cool (12). The cool is back in the dielectrics
capacitive transformer pumped back. The dielectrics flows in
The internal structure of the capacitive transformer in Figure 3
shown. The length and the Plane of the layers with the
Capacity formula C = Eo * He * (A / l) is calculated and dimensioned. The
internal structure of the transformer consists of capacitive layers in
the order is placed after 3 shows another. These are then
rolled as in Figure 2. The layers are as follows successive
On the insulator (1) is a metal strip, the primary plate is placed (2).
Out the electrolytic paper (3) is laid. This is the
desired number of secondary panels (4), (9) is placed. Thereon is one
Another insulator set (5.) It is the primary positive (6) plate
defined. Thereon a second electrolytic paper is placed (7). Thereon is
secondary negative plate set (
, (10). These layers are
the lengthwise as rolled up in Figure 2. This role is in a
round Tubular aluminum cups (13) out. The
Insulation layer (1) is guided along the outermost layer. There
can not conductive layer dielectrics and not the aluminum cup
Top and bottom of the round with a rubber or polymer of the
Capacitive transformer covered. This gum is in Figure 6 as
Seal described. Anschussdrähte the (16, 17, 18, 19) and the
Connections for electrolyte ducts (15) are out of the seal
passed out. (FIG. 6).
The technical field of the transformer is the capacitive
Resonant circuit technology to build capacitively coupled Schwinkreise. Shall
a coil built around the component is obtained after the second Maxwell
Conservation in addition to the magnetic field and the electric field at
Use Trafobau. The application of the capacitive transformer
and their reactive power compensation is in the signal transmission
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The invention solves the problem of the distribution of power to gleichohmigen
inductive loads. By this invention it is possible to the loads from the
To separate direct current. The load is supported only by the alternating current
traversed. For inductive loads, such as motors with leads to the motor
an inductive reactive current. The capacitive transformer to the
inductive reactive current through the capacitive reactive power to counteract.
The invention of the undulating electrolytic paper solves the problem of
Heat exhaustion and promotes the flow of dielectrics. The invention of
Dielektrikapumpe the flow is responsible for the dielectrics.
The invention can dissolve the problem of the coupling of Schwinkreisen. Thus
is also a capacitive coupled resonance circuit to be built and
not only an inductive.
The invention is used to start of electric fields in a
inductive transformer. Maxwel describes the electric field and the
capacitive field-shifted by 90 °. In an inductive transformer, the
Transformer sheet with the plates, is replaced.
Carrying out the invention
The capacitive transformer can be used as a counterpart to
Be used in a coil-capacitor resonant circuit.
This is practical for self-oscillating Bautgruppen which in an LC
The resonant circuit can be used. The Inductive share generates a
Electric field which in the plates has a polarity of the charge
causes. The component can be used in a transformer coil as the core
are the electric field and "capture". Thus allows the
Change Permabilität of conventional transformers.
When large currents to be distributed, it is advantageous to
To increase the frequency of the alternating voltage in order a smaller
In transmission amplifier technology, it is advantageous that
Carrier signal to be separated from DC. This signal
simultaneously transmitted in parallel on different levels, the
Use of a capacitive transformer is advantageous. It is possible to
Bridge circuit to drive.
To compensate for the inductive reactive power of coils is in the
Practice one switched capacitor to the coil. The capacitive
Transformer reduces the inductive reactive power. Figure 6 shows an
Calculations for the current flow is passed from the calculation of
Capacitor from. The product of the permittivity and the area above
the length of the secondary plates define the capacity. (C = E * He *
(A / l)). The output current is defined as the product of capacity
and the voltage applied by the charging and discharging time.
(I = (C * U) / t). The internal resistance of the capacitive transformer acts
as a frequency-dependent resistance of the internal resistance of the
Source initiated by the formula Xc = (2 * Π * f * C) - define .
The advantage of the capacitive transformers:
There is no need for a copper exchanger
The power loss is transferred high efficiency.
The internal resistance of the source led change with change of frequency.
The resonant frequency of a capacitive transformer
is calculated as follows. The coil diameter size
1/2 the wavelength which is to be captured.
The Kondensatorplattenabstaende are 1/4 of the wave length
which are to be received. The capacitor plates
and the flat coil windings must reactance in the capacity
and the blind resistance of inductance resonates be switched.
The coil can be wound with bifilar wires, one is the
Sekkundaere winding directly connected to the capacitor of the above it
connected. The primary winding and an audio amplifier
connected a frequency generator. with an AC SWEEP findent you
quickly at the resonant frequency at which the impedance Kurfe becomes very small.
This is a very high Paralellschwinkreis guete. Can also be
one very very steep filter in analog technology of wireless technology
be used. Wired to a primary side of the load,
best is the internal resistance of the load or just the impedance
of Schwinkreises adjusted. The electrostatic field lines are of
the magnetic force of the flat coil is energized. This electrical component
electromechanically is in resonance with the coil winding. My
Idea is not to buy on the market, you have to build it Siebe.
Maxwell equation in practice
Maxwell explained during some years einhunder how an electromagnetic wave behaves.
An electromagnetic wave has four space component. First an electrostatic
Component which acts on an electrostatic force. Secondly, a magnetic force on the
a magnetic type effect. Third, a particle, due to the particle wave
Participating Phaeno the radiation interacts with matter. Fourth, the Quantum Physics
and Informatics component does the information about an unlimited space
Quantenverschraenkt and changed over infinite distances in the same time.
I will address only the first two things. The magnetic wave and the electric wave
are coupled together. They are interlaced with each other, and the electromagnetic wave
is twisted in the running away in space. If you want to represent an electromagnetic wave or
foreseeable do so with a long Fluereszenroehre FL tube, this can be accomplished.
The tube lights in an electrostatic field. Is a 20 cm wave blasted so you can see
as the distance of 20 cm glow Wellennulldurchgaenge in FL tube. The crests of the
electrostatic force are dark. One sees a Interefferenzmuster of dark and light
by 20cm. The magnetic component can be made visible by now the tube
90Â ° rotated away from the antenna beams hold. The sky wave can now
the dark areas of the electromagnetic force shine.
The magnetic component of the electromagnetic wave and elektrostatiche are at 90Â °
Rotated. In space they often move away twisted like a screw.
An antenna or antenna mast has always Abschnuergrenze when not in
Is a component operated at resonance frequency, so there is no Abschnuergrenze. The sky wave remains
included in the assembly. The component is built in the wavelength of the vibration is carried
the resonant frequency of the Ähterenergie therein and may receive Schwinung outside the vibrational
or absorb the electromagnetic fluid. This is wished for a independent power supply.
To capture the electromagnetic wave space needed one and two-component.
An inductive component and a static component. An antenna is generally in the lengthwise
Eletrkostatisch, and the width by electromagnetically. One can imagine that at the two peaks
the antenna a Kondensatordipol is formed and 90 ° to one magnetic dipole.
If it wants to define a plate and coil system, we obtain the image below:
The capacitive transformer which I want to help you understand extended
is shown here. Now the Tesla bifilar pancake coil are wound.
They are responsible for the body waves. A bifilar winding of the flat coil
generated in the secondary coil, a strong counter-induction. The Feldplattenkondensatoen
be connected in parallel to the Laengsspulenwicklungen. This circuitry
should only be done on the secondary side output side. The primary side is
be wired with an audio amplifier and a Pulweitenmodulator. The amplifier
However switched in a small amplitude. The electromechanical components
the electrostatic and electromagnetic force are rotated 90 °. The
The frequency is selected on resonant frequency of the component. The capacity
should be selected by the Plattenabstaenden quarter of Landa Wellenlaenge or HarmonischeMehrfache.
Which are then wrapped in Landa Spulendraehte 1/4 the wavelength.
It can also be a Harmonic multiples thereof. The voltage is applied to the
Electrostatic plates increase in resonance. Which the current is now Integrall the differential of the flow of
Coil. Electromechanical the capacitive transformer is fed back. Can verpoelen
Also a negative feedback and a Damping produced.
The output side is wired to a load, which the internal resistance of the source
equal. Thus one has a power adjustment. The internal resistance is the impedance ...
Ideally, when a voltage source 0 The resonance circuit has a auusgesprochen
good quality and a very good Flankensteilhei